Are volcanoes permanent?
yes, they stay where they are forever. That doesn't mean that they stay active forever.
As the geology officer on an expedition to a newly discovered Earthlike planet you must determine where to locate the first permanent settlement This planet has volcanoes and appears to have a crus?
There are over 3,000 volcanoes active in the world today. Types Of Volcanoes: Composite Volcanoes. Shield Volcanoes. Cinder Volcanoes. Spatter Cones. Complex Volcanoes. Mud Volcanoes. Strato volcanoes. Cryptodomes Volcanoes. Supervolcanoes. Submarine Volcanoes. Subglacial volcanoes. Lava domes Volcanoes. Fissure vents (not really a volcano only a vent inside a volcano where the magma/lava appear's out.
In New Zealand, both White island and Mt Ruapehu are considered active volcanoes. And towards the southern end of Lake Taupo is an area of steaming ground that indicates a permanent hot spot. Geological & Nuclear Sciences maintains a watch on the volcanoes, and this list is on their web site. gns.cri.govt.nz.