The city states of Athens and Sparta and their allies fought each other in the Peloponnesian War .
Athens and Sparta did not fight each other in isolation. They fought as allies and as adversaries in various conflicts over a couple of hundred years. So Athens did not defeat Sparta or Sparta defeat Athens. They were involved in wider conflicts in the battles.
Each other. Athens and Sparta, with their respective Greek allies, fought each other. The Persian Empire later sided with Sparta against Athens, but mostly it was Greek against Greek.
Usually they hated each other... but in times when invaders attacked Greece, they became allies and fought the invaders. Athens and Sparta would have HUGE wars between themselves when outsiders weren't attacking. They were bitter enemies as well as strong allies.
The city-states of Athens and Sparta fought each other in the Peloponnesian War .
The war was fought between Athens and Sparta, but both cities had many allies in other parts of Greece, some of whom were forced to fight. Toward the end of the war, Sparta allied with an old enemy, the Persian Empire, against Athens.
If I understand the question correctly, it was The Peloponnesian War from 431 to 404 BC that Athens and Sparta fought each other. Sparta was the victor.
There was no specific Athens and Sparta war. They were allies and adversaries many times in concert with other cities. Which war did you have in mind.
in the pelopponesian war
they had fought together and against each other
Alliances in Greece changed. For example several times Sparta and Athens fought on the same side, at others on opposing sides. Similarly at times Sparta and Thebes fought together, at other times were opponents. Generally Sparta was allied to other Doric city-states, though again this was not a hard and fast rule. And although Persia was usually an opponent of the Greek city-states, it was Persian financial support which enabled Sparta and its allies to get a competent fleet in the Peloponnesian War and defeat Athens.
The Peloponnesian Wars.
For a long period they were allies. Then after Athens established an empire after the Persian Wars, it became intrusive of other city-states and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta tried to limit this.
Athens had a strong navy while Sparta had a strong army. They both fought in the Persian war and later the pelopensian war, against each other . They both were named after a Greek god. Athens was named after Athena. Sparta was named after Sparta the daughter of Eurotas.
Athens and Sparta fought against each other in the Peloponnesian war. The war lasted from 431 to 404 BCE. Thucydides wrote a detailed account of the war.
You are obviously asking about ancient Athens. Well, during the years there were different allies to Athens according to what the needs required. At some point it could have been Sparta and then at another they were one against the other. Anyway, Sparta was mostly allied to Athens when it comes to matters of being commonlt threaten. Thebes and Megara were also traditional allies on account of being close to Athens. Boetians and Corinthians too for the same reason.
Athens isn't better than sparta. its the other way around!!
The Greek rival cities, Athens and Sparta.
The Peloponnesian War was fought from 431 to 404 BC .
Sparta and Athens had been allies for some time. Sparta helped Athens in its struggle for democracy in late 507 BCE, and had also sent its army to help Athens at Marathon in 490 BCE 10 years earlier but had arrived too late for that battle. Athens was not present at Thermopylae, its forces were committed to manning its navy at the simultaneous battle of Artemesium. So the answer is False - Athens and Sparta were allies long before joining other southern Greek cities which united to repel the Persian invasion, and remained allies until 460 BCE when they had a falling out.
If you are talking about Cities States and the Peloponnesian War is mainly because half of the states were in ally with Sparta and the other half were allies with Athens, plus some other neutral states. Sparta and Athens were the two dominant states back then, so when Athens started to gain more and more power, Sparta didn't like that. The possible reason why Sparta and Athens were in dispute all the time might be the governmental system, Sparta had an oligarchic system, and Athens a democratic system. Was like nowadays political parties.
About 300 city-states fought the war, one side led by Athens, the other by Sparta.
The Spartas did not need any protection by Athens. They were allies some of the time, adversaries at other times. Sparta was stronger by land, Athens stronger by sea.
Normally allies, they fell out after Athens converted the anti-Persian league into an empire and set out to dominate Greece. The Peloponnesian League led by Sparta opposed this and a destructive 27 year war ensued.