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Avoidant personality disorder?


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Answered 2014-09-17 15:44:43

Avoidant Personality Disorder is a mental illness that is marked by feelings of inadequacy. Because of their very low self esteem, people with Avoidant Personality Disorder will avoid social obligations so they don't have to be around people.

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Answered 2010-11-15 17:36:41
Definition

Avoidant personality disorder is a psychiatric condition in which a person has a lifelong pattern of feeling extremely shy, inadequate, and sensitive to rejection.

Alternative Names

Personality disorder - avoidant

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Personality disorders are lifelong patterns of behavior that cause problems with work and relationships.

About 1% of the population has avoidant personality disorder. It is equally divided between males and females. The cause is unknown.

Symptoms

People with avoidant personality disorder are preoccupied with their own shortcomings. They form relationships with others only if they believe they will not be rejected. Loss and rejection are so painful that these people will choose to be lonely rather than risk trying to connect with others.

Signs and tests

A person with avoidant personality disorder may:

  • Be easily hurt by criticism or disapproval
  • Hold back too much in intimate relationships
  • Be reluctant to become involved with people
  • Avoid activities or occupations that involve contact with others
  • Be shy in social situations out of fear of doing something wrong
  • Exaggerate potential difficulties
  • Hold the view they are socially inept, inferior,or unappealing to other people
Treatment

Antidepressant medications can often reduce sensitivity to rejection. Psychotherapy, particularly cognitive-behavioral approaches, may be helpful. A combination of medication and talk therapy may be more effective than either treatment alone.

Expectations (prognosis)

People with this disorder may develop some ability to relate to others, and this can be improved with treatment.

Complications

Without treatment, a person with avoidant personality disorder may become resigned to a life of near or total isolation. They may go on to develop a second psychiatric disorder such as substance abuse or a mood disorder such as depression.

Calling your health care provider

See your health care provider or a psychiatrist if shyness or fear of rejection overwhelms your ability to function in life and relationships.

References

Moore DP, Jefferson JW. Avoidant personality disorder. In: Moore DP, Jefferson JW, eds. Handbook of Medical Psychiatry. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2004: chap 141.

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Answered 2012-04-10 09:01:08
Definition

Avoidant personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has a lifelong pattern of feeling very shy, inadequate, and sensitive to rejection.

Alternative Names

Personality disorder - avoidant

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Personality disorders are lifelong patterns of behavior that cause problems with work and relationships.

About 1% of the population has avoidant personality disorder. Both males and females have the condition equally. The cause is unknown.

Symptoms

People with avoidant personality disorder can't stop thinking about their own shortcomings. They form relationships with other people only if they believe they will not be rejected. Loss and rejection are so painful that these people will choose to be lonely rather than risk trying to connect with others.

Signs and tests

A person with avoidant personality disorder may:

  • Be easily hurt when people criticize or disapprove of them
  • Hold back too much in intimate relationships
  • Be reluctant to become involved with people
  • Avoid activities or jobs that involve contact with others
  • Be shy in social situations out of fear of doing something wrong
  • Make potential difficulties seem worse than they are
  • Hold the view they are not good socially, not as good as other people, or unappealing
Treatment

Antidepressant medications can often make people less sensitive to rejection. However, talk therapy (psychotherapy) is considered to be the most effective treatment for this condition.

Psychodynamic psychotherapy, which helps patients understand their thoughts and feelings, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can help. A combination of medication and talk therapy may be more effective than either treatment alone.

Expectations (prognosis)

People with this disorder may develop some ability to relate to others, and this can be improved with treatment.

Complications

Without treatment, a person with avoidant personality disorder may become resigned to a life of near or total isolation. They may go on to develop a second psychiatric disorder such as substance abuse or a mood disorder such as depression.

Calling your health care provider

See your health care provider or a psychiatrist if shyness or fear of rejection overwhelms your ability to function in life and relationships.

References

Blais MA, Smallwood P, Groves JE, Rivas-Vazquez RA. Personality and personality disorders. In: Stern TA, Rosenbaum JF, Fava M, Biederman J, Rauch SL, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2008;chap 39.

Reviewed By

Review Date: 11/23/2010

Linda Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Michelle Benger Merrill, MD, Instructor in Clinical Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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Related Questions

What do you do if you have avoidant personality disorder?

If you have avoidant personality disorder you are afraid to speak up due to the fear of saying the wrong thing. You are uncomfortable in social situations.


What personality disorder causes people to have no friends or relationships?

could be depression, Avoidant Personality Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Schizoid Personality Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, paranoid Personality Disorder, etc. . .


Famous people with avoidant personality disorder?

Diana Willson


How does an avoidant personality disorder develop?

People don't acquire it, it is a genetic disorder that cannot be avoided or prevented.


Those with an avoidant personality disorder are most likely to display what?

People with AvPD (Avoidant Personality Disorder) display a pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation, and avoidance of social interaction. AvPD is also called Anxious Personality Disorder and it is Cluster C personality disorder recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders handbook.


What are some examples of personality disorders?

A few examples of personality disorders are: 1. Paranoid Personality Disorder: person thinks they are being threatened by the actions of others 2. Schizoid Personality Disorder: Person has little emotion in social settings and is detached from social relationships. 3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder: person has strange behavior and is uncomfortable in close, personal relationships. 4. Antisocial Personality Disorder: Person has no disregard for the rights of others 5. Avoidant Personality Disorder: person gets over emotional when given criticism and does not feel good about himself. These are just a fer personality disorders, there are many more I have not listed.


Characteristics of 2 Different Personality Disorders?

A personality disorder is an illness that affects a person’s ability to think rationally, relate to others and perceive the reality of varying situations. People who suffer from a personality disorder may not seek treatment because they feel that their behavior is normal or acceptable. They may blame their dysfunctional behavior on other people. There are many different types of personality disorders, including borderline, histrionic, and paranoid, to name a few. The avoidant personality disorder and the schizoid personality disorder share some common symptoms, and they are both discussed below.Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD)People who have avoidant personality disorder are anxious and awkward in social situations. They are usually introverted and avoid doing things or going places where they will be forced to interact with other people. They have a crippling fear of rejection and ridicule to the point that they often do not attempt to form close relationships. Avoidant personality types sometimes make excuses for why they do not socialize. People with AvPD usually display most of the following characteristics:--Social isolation and loneliness--Social anxiety--Extremely sensitive toward negative criticism or comments--Hesitant to initiate or form a close relationship for fear of rejection--Low self-esteem--Mistrust of other people--Self conscious--Feelings of inadequacy or inferiority--Fantasizes to escape painful thoughtsSchizoid Personality Disorder (SPD)Schizoid personality disorder should not be mistaken for schizophrenia simply because it has a similar name. It is a completely separate disorder. Those who have a schizoid personality may share many things in common with those who are categorized as avoidant. Both types of disorders may cause the sufferer to be socially isolated and lonely. However, the avoidant does desire social interaction, but they feel inadequate or unworthy of pursuing that interaction. In contrast, the schizoid personality does not desire close personal contact. Those classified as schizoid usually display the following symptoms:--Inability to recognize and respond to social cues--Engages in solitary activities--Values independence and solitary lifestyle--May seem indifferent, cold or dull in social situations--Lack of desire for sexual relationships and experiences


Is schizophrenia a personality disorder?

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder, not a personality disorder. However, there are some personality disorders that have similar symptoms to schizophrenia: paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder.


How many psychological disorders are there?

There are many disorders (Here are some I can name): Anorexia- Where the person starves themselves. Bulimia- Consuming large amounts of food and throwing it up. Binge eating disorder- Eating a lot without throwing up. Conduct disorders- Where the rights of others are violated, which means that people with this disorder would lie, mistreat other property, and be violent along with other symptoms and such. Schizophrenia- The person has no contact with reality and can't tell the difference between real and fake events. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)- Don't feel like giving a definition. Then there are Anxiety Disorders:Phobias Obsessive-compulsive disorder Panic disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder There are also Mood Disorders: Clinical depression Bipolar disorder And last but not least there are Personality Disorders: Antisocial personality disorder Borderline personality disorder Passive-aggressive personality disorder Avoidant Personality Disorder Dependent Personality Disorder Histrionic Personality Disorder Narcissistic Personality Disorder


Is codependency considered a personality disorder?

No.Codependency is a behaviour, it is a mutual dependence, all parties in a codependent relationship will already have dependency issues, which may be part of a personality disorder, but the behaviour itself is not the disorder (Dependent Personality Disorder).A personality disorder is a disorder characterized by the chronic use of mechanisms of coping in an inappropriate, stereotyped, and maladaptive manner. Personality disorders are enduring and persistent styles of behavior and thought, not atypical episodes. The personality disorders encompass a group of behavioral disorders that are different and distinct from the psychotic and neurotic disorders. The official psychiatric manual, the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association, Fourth Edition), defines a personality disorder as an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that differs markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment. Personality disorders are a long-standing and maladaptive pattern of perceiving and responding to other people and to stressful circumstances.Ten personality disorders, grouped into 3 clusters, are defined in the DSM-IV:Cluster A -- Odd or eccentric behavior. Includes:Paranoid personality disorderSchizoid personality disorderCluster B -- Dramatic, emotional or erratic behavior. Includes:Antisocial personality disorderBorderline personality disorderHistrionic personality disorderNarcissistic personality disorderCluster C -- Anxious fearful behavior. Includes:Avoidant personality disorderDependent personality disorderObsessive-compulsive personality disorder


What are some symptoms of avoidant personality disorder?

A person with avoidant personality disorder may be easily hurt when people criticize or disapprove them, hold back too much in intimate relationships, be reluctant to become involved with people, avoid activities or jobs that involve contact with people, be shy in social situation in fear of doing something wrong, make potential difficulties seem worse than they are, or hold the view they are not good socially, not as good as other people, or unappealing.


What are the 6 personality disorders?

DSM-IV lists ten personality disorders, divided into three clusters: : :* Paranoid personality disorder: characterized by irrational suspicions and mistrust of others. :* Schizoid personality disorder: lack of interest in social relationships, seeing no point in sharing time with others. :* Schizotypal personality disorder: characterized by odd behavior or thinking. : :* Antisocial personality disorder: "pervasive disregard for the law and the rights of others". :* Borderline personality disorder: extreme "black and white" thinking, instability in relationships, self-image, identity and behavior. :* Histrionic personality disorder: "pervasive attention-seeking behavior including inappropriate sexual seductiveness and shallow or exaggerated emotions". :* Narcissistic personality disorder: "a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and a lack of empathy". : :* Avoidant personality disorder: social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation and avoidance of social interaction. :* Dependent personality disorder: pervasive psychological dependence on other people. :* Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (not the same as obsessive-compulsive disorder): characterized by rigid conformity to rules, moral codes and excessive orderliness. ; (Wikipedia)


Are there any similarities in Antisocial Personality Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder?

Antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder can both cause impulsive behavior.


Is antisocial personality disorder a mental disorder?

Antisocial personality disorder is a type of personality disorder under Axis 2 disorders.


What is the difference between a borderline personality disorder and a personality disorder?

Borderline personality disorder is a specific personality disorder. A personality disorder is a set of traits and long held, often inflexible, beliefs which tends to interfere with "normal" functioning in society. There are different types of personality disorders. Borderline personality disorder is one of many specific classifications of personality disorders.


What is boardarline personality disorder?

It's borderline personality disorder.


What is the difference between personality disorder and boarderline personlity disorder?

Borderline personality disorder is one of many different types of personality disorders. Borderline personality disorder is one of many different types of personality disorders.


Is a sociopath a type of personality disorder?

The closest disorder to sociopathy, Antisocial Personality Disorder, is. When a psychiatrist treats a sociopath he/she says that the sociopath has Antisocial Personality Disorder.


Personality disorder for blaming others for your failures?

Dissocial personality disorder


What are the defenses mechanisms of personality disorder?

Depends on which personality disorder you are talking about.


Which personality disorder best fits Charles?

dependent personality disorder


Is there a medication for paranoid personality disorder?

No there is no medication for paranoid personality disorder.


What is the old name for multiple personality disorder?

Split personality disorder and multiple personality disorder are both old names. It is now referred to as dissociative identity disorder.


Does Miley Cyrus have paranoid personality disorder?

According to news reports and press releases she does not have Paranoid Personality Disorder, she has a Multi-Personality Disorder.


What movies or films will be of good use for studying personality disorders?

Some good movies and films for studying personality disorders are "Gone With the Wind" (narcissistic personality disorder), "Funny Girl" (narcissistic personality disorder), "Girl, Interrupted" (borderline personality disorder), "The Godfather" (antisocial personality disorder), and "Wall Street" (antisocial personality disorder).