Can a condo owner stop paying homeowners association dues?

Yes you can, and is it not recommended that you quit paying them.

Your association assessments pay for services to support the community, such as sewer, water, master insurance policy premiums, upkeep and maintenance on real estate assets owned in common and so forth.

When you don't pay your assessments you essentially ask that your neighbors pay your bills for you.

In most associations, your assessments are automatically a lien on your unit, and the board need only to file a formal lien with a court in order to effectively cloud your title and publicize a lien on your property in your name.

Read your governing documents to understand your obligation to pay your assessments -- it's a legal obligation -- and your board's rights and responsibilities to collect them, including foreclosing on your unit in order to satisfy the debt.