A Police Officer that refuses to respond to a subpoena may be held in contempt of court. However, there are multiple types of subpoenas. Most times subpoenas are issued via an attorney or the clerk of courts. These are formal documents requesting your appearance at the time and date listed. If a subpoenaed party does not turn up, an attorney may request the court compel or demand the parties appearance.
If the judge agrees that the order is necessary, he will sign the order and service will be made. If service is made and the party still fails to show, the judge may issue a contempt order and a warrant for the contemptuous persons arrest.
However, a more seasoned attorney (specially those on behalf of defendant in the case) can use an officers refusal of a subpoena as the state has no case. He can either motion for the above action or seek dismissal of the case on the grounds that the state has no complainant.
The state has no complaint because the Officer, or complainant, the person whom observations led to the bringing of an action, cannot speak before the court. The prosecution cannot admit testimony (and the officers observation is typically the only evidence in many cases) if the defense cannot cross examine them with the exception of certain dispositions).
No. Police officers must respond to subpoenas like anyone else, or risk being held in contempt of court.
A police officer should show his badge when he approaches you. If the badge is not visible, ask to see it. If you ask for the badge number, the officer should give it to you. If the officer refuses, you should report it to the police department.
You could be charged and prosecuted for Obstruction of Justice.
If you are a police officer you would not need to ask. A police officer doing his duty will treat another police officer as any member of the public (if they are out of uniform and off duty).
If there isn't a valid reason for that police officer to be doing that (e.g., the post is part of an active crime scene), absolutely.
No one can be compelled to give a statement to the police, regardless of age. You can be subpoenaed (ordered to appear in court or some other location) to give a statement under oath at a deposition or before a grand jury. If you refuse to respond to the subpoena, you can be held in contempt of court.Added: . . . or if a material witness to a serious offense and refusing to cooperate, risk being charged with 'Obstruction of Justice.'
You could try a citizen's arrest but the police man may refuse to be arrested. It is only a warranted police officer that is empowered by society to forcibly arrest someone.
Generally, people who are in police custody are to be provided with necessary medical attention. The police officers may have some discretion to refuse unreasonable requests.
No. If you are subpoenaed to be a witness, you don't have a choice. You must appear.
Police have several levels of interviews. In a simple matter, an interview may be a police officer speaking with a witness on the street or at their home. In a serious case, a person may be taken to the police station to be interviewed. When there is a murder, all witnesses will be taken to the police station and have video statements taken. Suspects in crimes will be advised that they have certain rights, such as a right to an attorney before questioning, or the right to remain silent. They may then cooperate and make a statement, or they may refuse to make a statement. if you are a witness to a crime, you should always make a truthful statement to police so that the right person(s) can be held to account.
When pulled over by a police officer, you have the right to remain silent, the right to refuse a search without a warrant, and the right to request an attorney. It is important to stay calm, follow instructions, and avoid any sudden movements. If you believe your rights have been violated, it is best to document the incident and consult with a lawyer.