Cause of the Peru-Chile Trench and Andes Mountains?
The Andes are the second tallest mountain range on Earth. Together, the mountains block warm moist air from the east, forcing the rain out of it before the air passes to the west side of the mountains. It is not a single mountain, but all the mountains together that are responsible for the rain shadow.
Both the Atacama and the Amazon owe their very existence to the Andes Mountains. The high Andes cause moisture from the Atlantic Ocean to condense and fall on the east side of the mountains, giving the Amazon basin copious amounts of rain. However, the mountains also prevent the moisture from reaching the western slopes, causing a rain shadow, preventing rain from falling there and creating the Atacama Desert.
Asia has more mountains than any of the other continents what benefits and what problems do these mountains cause the people of Asia?
When two edges of tectonic plates collide (convergent boundary) they can cause a crumpling effect and an upthrust to form mountains. The Himalayas, for instance, were formed when the Indian Plate crashed into the Asian Plate. Convergent boundary also applies to the situation where one plate moves under the other (subduction) this kind of plate boundary can also form mountain chains. An example of this is the Andes mountains.
The Himalayan range is one of the youngest mountain ranges on the planet and consists mostly of uplifted sedimentary and metamorphic rock. According to the modern theory of plate tectonics, its formation is a result of a continental collision or orogeny along the convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The Andes are the result of plate tectonics processes, caused by the subduction of oceanic crust beneath the South American plate. The…