Define balance of payment surplus?
statement that summarizes an economy's transactions with the rest of the world for a specified time period. The balance of payments, also known as balance of international payments, encompasses all transactions between a country's residents and its nonresidents involving goods, services and income; financial claims on and liabilities to the rest of the world; and transfers such as gifts. The balance of payments classifies these transactions in two accounts - the current account and the capital account. The current account includes transactions in goods, services, investment income and current transfers, while the capital account mainly includes transactions in financial instruments. An economy's balance of payments transactions and international investment position (IIP) together constitute its set of international accounts. (source- investopedia)
If the Balance of payment always always balances then why you have deficit in the balance of payment What measure can be government take to address an in-balance in the Balance of payment?
when they are talking about the deficit or surplus they are usually only talking about the current account. The balance of payments will balance because the other accounts in it (Capital, financial and erros and ommissions) will account for the other parts eg if current account has defiecit of 100m the capital, financial and erros and ommisions will have a surplus of 100m