Conditions and Diseases

Describe the grading of pitting edema?


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2008-08-25 09:15:13
2008-08-25 09:15:13

Grading edema 1+: slight pitting/2 mm, disappears rapidly, 2+: somwehat deeper pit/4 mm, disappears in 10-15 sec 3+: deep pit/6 mm, may last > 1 minute; dep extremity swollen 4+: very deep pit/8 mm, lasts 2-5 min, dep extremity grossly distorted


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Non-pitting edema is a type of swelling. Pitting edema occurs when the swollen area is pressed and remains indented. The indentation does not occur with non-pitting edema.

Pitting edema is edema severe enough to leave a dent when pressed with a finger. Pitting edema is assessed by pushing gently with a finger and evaluating the response. Mild is a one plus, moderate is a two plus, deep is a three plus, and very deep is a four plus.

Dispnea and cyanosis. Pitting edema, elevated IAP

Pitting edema is a swollen area that will give when pressed and retain a depression for a minute , or so.

In medicine and nursing the term "gross" is intended to mean "big as seen by the naked eye". Edema has two types: regular "edema" and "pitting edema". "Pitting" edema is when I press my finger onto the edema and when I remove my finger, the skin stays pressed in, it it "pitting". Typically, edema should be measured, with a measuring tape, rather than using a subjective word like "gross" (i.e. big). What looks "big and obvious" to me may look different to you. So, especially in pitting edema, we use +1, +2, +3 -- OR-- we use a measurement and measure both sides, say both ankles, for comparison. If one ankle measures 15inches and the other measures 17.2 inches, that shows one angle is much more swollen than the other. One tip: Doctors are more apt to use words like "gross edema" or "grossly obese". Nurses measure more than doctors.

accumulation of excess liquid in tissues

The simple way to describe it is drowning in your own fluids.

Assess for signs of volume overload--dlyspnea, tachypnea, crackles or possible wheezes on auscultation, pulmonary edema, juglar vein distention and pitting edema of the ankles-- may indicate a problem with increased preload.

I can only guess at what you mean by "pitting edema". If you are describing the looks of the legs, then you need to take your dog into see your local Veterinarian. Sounds like a bite abscess or some other type of infection. Could even be demodex mange gone to the extreme in the skin. That is why you need to take your dog into the Veterinarian to have the problem looked at and treated. Do not try to treat it yourself.

The term cerebral edema is used to describe excess fluid in certain areas of the brain. The intracellular and extracellular areas are the spaces effected.

There are 6 types of edema. Generalized edema, skin edema, peripheral edema, corneal edema, cerebral edema, pulmonary edema, myxedema and lymphedema.

The test for dehydration is pinching the skin and letting it go. If it stays up, like a tent, you are likely dehydrated. The best testing spot is on the back of the arm above the wrist. Pressing the skin tests for 2 things: return of color for how well blood flows into the area; and for "pitting edema" when the skin stays pressed in when there is swelling. Skin naturally "turns white" when pressed but returns to pink (or red if pressed too hard) within seconds of being released. "Pitting edema" is assessed on a scale of 1 to 3 and is based on how fast the skin spings back up in an area with obvious swelling. The edema test is typically done on the ankles, lower legs, and tops of feet since this is where most swelling occurs. True pitting edema only occurs in persons with kidney or heart ailments or impaired circulation to the lower extremities.

It depends upon the cause. You would need to be more specific. Also, do consult with a physician. If you are noticing edema in the arms and feet you may have non-pitting edema. However, Edema can be caused by a multitude of diseases or complications from said diseases. Typically edema is present in people with Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) or people with CHF (Congestive Heart Failure). There are many more reasons that can cause swelling but as mentioned above it is always better to consult your doctor to have tests run.

Kwashiorkor affects the human body in several different ways. Some of these things include pitting edema, distended abdomen, enlarged liver, thinning hair, loss of teeth, and dermatitis.

Yes, low oncotic blood pressure is a major cause of dependent pitting edema. Proteins in the blood exert an oncotic pull on blood serum which keeps the serum within the blood vessels. A loss of these proteins decreases the ability of the blood to keep serum within the blood vessels and the serum will leak out into the interstitial space. Gravity then pulls the edema fluid downward into the legs.

Mild discogenic edema and sclerosis

Pitting potential is the potential where the pitting start and this is noticed when the current is suddenly increased that also mean below this value, now pitting corrosion will initiate Many parameters can effluence the pitting potential such as Temperature, halides ions, surface finishing of the alloy and also state of the electrolyte , is it flowing or stagnant.

sounds like "pedal edema" or "pitting edema" when you push on the leg does it leave an indintation for a moment then slowly go back to normal? the main cause for water retention signs in your legs is CHF or "congestive heart failure" see a doctor.. most likely the drug they will prescribe is lasix aka water pill.

"PL" in coin grading means "prooflike". It is used to describe a coin that has mirror fields and fine details resembling a proof struck coin but is not a true proof.

Periorbital edemaPeriobital EdemaPeriorbital edema

visual stress grading machine stress grading structural grading

It really depends on what caused the edema in the first place. By contraindication, we mean that it is a caution sign, and that more detailed questioning needs to take place so that we can adjust our techniques accordingly. For example, pitting edema could signify deep vein thrombosis, which is a complete local contraindication and only feather light strokes should be used in this area to avoid causing an embolism. Simple, non-pitting edema may be a sign of inflammation, and we need to investigate the cause of the injury, draining proximal to the edema is beneficial, but avoid circulatory work distal to the injury. The swelling creates a blockade and we want to avoid damaging blood vessels by forcing blood through. We also want to avoid complicating the injury. Lymph edema can be reduced by manual lymph drainage proximal to the site, but requires advanced education. When in doubt, refer them out to a more experienced therapist, or get some HIPPA paperwork together and consult their primary care doctor.

edema is found in the interstitial fluid

Massage is not contraindicated at all. But all types of massage are contraindicated exclusively to manual lymph drainage. General massage should never be performed on pitting edema, but the only exception is specifically indicated massage that effects the lymphatic fluid. ANd there is basically only one type of massage that is considered safe in that situation, and that is manual lymph drainage (MLD). The most well known of these is the Vodder system. So, my advice to you is to find a Vodder MLF specialist that is in your area. You can always check out the AMTA for a list of massage therapists in your area and then find one that can do MLF.

You get your white belt when you first start (No grading session required)Then instructor awards you yellow tip (Again no grading session required)Then yellow (Grading session required)Then orange tip (No grading session required)Then orange (Grading required)Then green ( Grading required )Then blue ( Grading required )Then red (Grading required )Then brown (Grading required)Then black tip (Grading required)A second black tip (Grading required )Then black (Grading required)

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