Did some Pompeii survivors have black eyes?
Yes, ash got into their eyes and their eyes got completely black.
Some survivors were helped by the fleet at Miseneum. Others like Pliny the Younger were able to walk the relatively short distance to safety (less than 10 miles). Only 2,000 died in Pompeii. A small number in Herculaneum waited until it was too late. The majority of the residents of both Herculaneum and Pompeii fled. There are records of them being in Neopolis after the quake. Many homes in both cities were vacation homes so…
The only survivors were people who were there. Some escaped, but most died. The eruption sent gases and rocks so fast that,in 7 minuets the coastline was changed forever, buried 65 acres, and three cities were affected. Anyone in Pompeii was dead in several feet of ash and rocks. Today to get into Pompeii you walk up a walkway because the ground level of Pompeii is above the modern ground level.