Do humans have a pericardium?
yes for sure.
The membrane surrounding the heart is called the pericardium. It is a fluid sac that serves several purposes. One of the purposes of the pericardium is it contains the heart in the chest cavity. The pericardium also prevents the heart from overexpanding when the blood volume in the heart increases. pericardium Pericardium pericardium The serous membrane associated with the heart is called the pericardium. The layer covering the heart is the visceral pericardium and the…
Parietal pericardium doesn't actually touch the heart. If you imagine the pericardium is like a balloon filled with water, which cradles the heart, the surface or membrane touching it is called the 'visceral pericardium'. whilst the membrane that isn't touching it is called the 'parietal pericardium'. The parietal pericardium and visceral pericardium are continuous with each other meaning there is no distinct point that tells you where one starts and the other ends
Actually, both do. But I guess you meant : ''Does the visceral or parietal pericardium directly encloses the myocardium (heart muscle)?'' If so, the answer is the visceral pericardium. It is directly attached to the myocardium, whereas the parietal pericardium is separated from the visceral pericardium by the pericardial cavity.