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Alkalies can neutralize both concentrated and dilute acids, but dilute acids are 'more easily' neutralized (i.e. require a smaller amount of alkali for the same amount of acid).

It is a simple chemical reaction, the amount of alkali required to neutralize an acid can be calculated if you know how they react and the strengths of the acid and alkali.

E.g. if you use Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) to neutralize Hydrochloric acid (HCL) the reaction is:

KOH + HCL --) KCL + H2O

So one molecule of KOH neutralizes one molecule of HCL

If you have 1 molar KOH, then :

10 ml of dilute HCL (0.1 molar strength) will be neutralized by 1 ml of KOH

10 ml of a strong HCL (10 molar strength) will be neutralized by 100 ml of KOH

Hope that helps.

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Q: Does an alkali easily neutralize a concentrated acid or a dilute acid?
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