Gametophyte and sporophyte?
The gametophyte has become smaller, and the sporophyte has become larger. To begin with main plant body was gametophytic and sporophyte was dependent on it. Later on, as the evolution progressed, both gametophyte and sporophyte became independent and ultimatly gametophyte became dependent on sporophyte.
Embryo sac is the female gametophyte of flowering plants. Situated in the flower. It is dependent on the sporophyte (what we call plant) for nutrition. here the gametophyte is reduced and sporophyte is dominant. In lower plants the female gametophyte is prominent and independent where it can photosynthesize. Usually it is called as a thallus. Here the sporophyte is reduced and the gametophyte is dominant.
What is the dominant stage of the fern life cycle what is the relationship of the fern gametophyte and sporophyte?
In most plants, the sporophyte generation is dominant. In fern, for example, the fern itself is the sporophyte. This organism produces spores that fall to the substrate below and grow into a separate organism called a gametophyte. The gametophyte produces sperm and eggs in order to produce a new sporophyte which grows out of the gametophyte's body, destroying it. It is important to note that the gametophyte is haploid and the sporophyte is dploid.