History of Russia
China in WW2
Joseph Stalin

How did Stalin come to power in the Communist Party?

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2008-12-11 19:27:39
2008-12-11 19:27:39

Stalin used a number of tactics to gain control of the communist party: exploiting his opponents and their weaknesses; gathering a power base while party secretary under Lenin; and manipulating other party members by playing them against each other; controling the press apparatus.

After Lenin's death, it was clear that the leadership race was between Stalin & Trotsky (a leading bolshevik, popular and powerful from before and through the revolution). The majority of people favoured a collective leadership or rule by committee, fearing a 'dictator' would emerge. THeir biggest fear was not Stalin, but Trotsky who was viewed as arrogant and had an imperial manner that seemed to show a conviction that he knew what direction of the party should take.

Party members were also worried about the unity of the party and how any divisions would tear both the party and the country apart again. Stalin seemed the lesser of evils to many party stalwarts.

Another main issue with the leadership of the party was that of NEP (new economic policy) and the industrialisation debate. The left of the party, including opposition in Trotsky, Zinoviev & Kamenev wanted to end NEP and go for rapid industrialisation.

The right wing, such as Bukharin wanted to continue with NEP and encourage the peasants to become richer and spend money on consumer goods, allowing industry to grow at a normal rate.

It is argued that Stalin became party leader because of his central views that looked after both sides' opinion. He was a bit of a oportunist, changing his views depending on public opinion, which helped build up support for him from a variety of areas.

Stalin's ability as a co-ordinator allowed him to build his power base. He had access to the innerworkings of the party as the party secretary, a job seen as unimportant. But this seemingly insignificant job gave him control of the politburo (communist top body) - he drew up agendas, giving him power to control discussions and information members received. Basically by controling the flow of information, he was able to isolate his enemies and funnel more powers and information to his own supporters.

His positions in the Orgburo and the Secretariat, which gave him control of appointments to positions of responsibility in the party structure, allowed Stalin to move his supporters into key positions, thus further consolidating his powerbase. These people included party secretaries at regional level and party secretaries elsewhere, such as in the Ukraine, who were powerful enough to decide how lower level party members voted.

Stalin's control of the party organisation meant he could influence the section of delegates sent to annual party congress where major issues of policy were discussed. He could pack congress with his supporters, meaning Trotsky received a hostile reception at conferences from 1924 onwards. Stalin also had control of the party membership; this allowed him to get rid of radical elements - students and soldiers - who were likely to support Trotsky.

Stalin aimed to encourage young urban workers and poorly educated ex-peasants, for whom Stalin's practical policies on nationalism appealed. This large powerbase - spread out over Russia, helped to ensure Stalin's supporters far out numbered his opponents. Trotsky found himself isolated and supported by the red army only.

Stalin was also the master manipulator when it came to public opinion. He was quite devious in his ability to manouver better press coverage and further isolate his enemies. A good example of this was when Stalin persuaded Trotsky to not show up for Lenin's funeral, damaging his political prestige and reputation. Lenin was seen as the father of the revolution, and by not appearing at the funeral, Trotsky appeared to be insulting Lenin's legacy. By controlling the press, Stalin controlled public opinion.

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Stalin came to absolute power by slowly eliminating threats over a period of several years. The first was Leon Trotsky, and then he continued on. With each success he became more powerful. Eventually, he had taken over the entire Communist Party with him at the head.

Joseph Stalin come to power in Russia after the Russian Revolution in 1917. He was the secretary general of the communists party which did not want Leon Trotsky to ascend to power after the death of Lenin.

he came to power in the 1920's

Stalin came into power, but certainly not sole power, after Vladimir Lenin died in 1924. Stalin was only one of five members of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the Central Committee could have voted him out of office at any time if it so desired. At first, Stalin shared power with Grigory Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev. He gradually ousted them by allying himself with Nikolai Bukharin only to oust Bukharin next. By about 1928, Stalin dominated the Politburo but did not completely control it. He became the virtual dictator around 1933 By then he had stocked the Politburo and the secret and regular police with people beholden to him so he no longer had any effective opposition.

when did the national party come to power

After Vladimir Lenin was forced into semi-retirement in 1922, Stalin became his intermediary with outside world. He started to exercise greater control over Lenin and conspired with two powerful leaders of his party, Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev to oust Leon Trotsky and assumed power within the party. After the death of Lenin, a power struggle broke out in party ranks in which Stalin prevailed and ousted not only Trotsky but also his confidants like Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev.

The Communist Chinese Party was founded in 1921 by Mao Zedong, who adapted the principles of Karl Marx to China. It wasn't until the May 4th Movement after the Treaty of Versailles signing that communism really came to power.

Mao Zedong was born in 1893 and lived till 1976. He lead peasant rebellions to gain power over China.He lead the Communist party.

communist's usually come to power by a revolution.

Firstly, it should be WW2 instead of WW1 if you are talking about the year of 1942. Secondly, Communist Party fo China came into power in 1949, which was about four years after the end of WW2.

Different ways throughout historyRevolution: Russia 1914 Bolshevik Revolution, Communist party took overBeing conquered: Most of eastern Europe became communist after World War II when the Soviet Union gained control over the area.Communist Party becoming elected

He was with those who did that revolution.

Mao Zedong came into power on June 19, 1945 as the 1st Chairman of the Communist Party of China. He was in office until September 9, 1976.

He was adverse to Stalin taking over, so he probably wanted Trotsky to come to power.

No. The Communist party has always been a force in French politics, but has never come even close to governing.

Very much like they do in democracies. They work within the party system, which is a process called paying your dues.They perform menial jobs, gain favor and are advanced to a new and more challengeing position, party offices got them advancement to new positions. In a democracy the prize is the presidency, in a communist state it is the office of Party Secretary. In either political system, the goal is to obtain and to retain power. Stalin achieved it by terror, Nixon retained his position by employing criminally covert intelligence activities on his potential opponents. Ideologies may have vast differences, but politicians seem to employ similar methos.

He was mad with power and whoever disagreed with him Stalin would kill them or send them of to a minefield to work forever and whoever tried to escape Stalin kept one family member with him so that way they would come back for the one that stays with him

Essentially, Stalin had total control of the Soviet Union by the end of 1928.During the last year of Lenin's life in 1923, Stalin, Lev Kamenov and Grigori Zinoviev ruled as a triumvirate and continued to do so after Lenin died. Over the next few years Stalin squeezed both of them out and in 1927 had both expelled from the Communist Party. For awhile he shared some power with others but by the end of 1928 he was essentially in full control but still with some opposition from some of the old BolsheviksThe only obstacle to total control was that some of the old Bolsheviks still remained and were able to at least criticize some things Stalin was doing. Stalin got rid of all of them in the Great Purges of 1936-1938 and finally had no one left that wasn't loyal to him entirely and thus had absolute control.At the beginning of WWII

Joseph Stalin become into reign after Lenin died. Russia was originally a monachry and Lenins idea of bringing communism to Russia brought public satisfaction. When Lenin died there was a battle for the rule between Stalin and Trotsky. Stalin eventually became into power after he exiled Trotsky out of the country and into Mexico where Stalin sent people out to assinate him.

After Lenin's death in 1924 there were two main candidates that could follow him. Leon Trotsky and Joe Stalin. The Russian communist party were worried that Trotsky (commissar of war) would provide a coup and take Russia by force. Meanwhile Stalin was making his connections in his 'low' profile positions in the party. people's commissar for nationalities (1917) Liaison Officer between the Politburo and Orgburo (1919) head of workers and peasants inspectorate (1919) General secretary (1922) These positions were not seen as important before Stalin came to power. However the major advantage these positions had were that Stalin could make connections on a low level position. When the time came that Stalin needed votes, such as the 1925 all party congress (Stalin gained 559 votes - Opposition gained 65 votes) he knew that he could receive them. The reasons why Stalin came to power can be put into two categories: 1. Failings of Trotsky 2.Strengths of Stalin Trotsky didn't attend Lenin's funeral. Stalin provided the main speech at Lenin's funeral Trotsky was a Menshevik until just before the revolution when he came over to the Bolshevik side. Stalin had been a Bolshevik all along. Also, he had been on the Central Committee of Party before the revolution. Trotsky was Jewish. Stalin was a peasant and a 'people's person' Trotsky was the leader of the Red Army and forced peasants to turn their grain over to it for cheap prices, which made him unpopular with the peasants. Trotsky had little support in the party. Stalin was filling Party posts with people loyal to him. Trotsky believed in 'permanent revolution' Stalin believed in 'socialism in one country' Obviously you can't just rely on these two categories but you should get a brief idea from those. Stalin made Lenin into an ideology and based his ideas very near to those of Lenin. Because of Lenin's 'No factions within the party' law that was brought in anyone that disagreed with Stalin disagreed with Lenin. In 1923, When Vladimir Lenin was unable to speak or walk due to strokes, Stalin, Grigori Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev ruled as a majority of the Politburo and eliminated Leon Trotsky. Then Stalin allied himself with Nikolai Bukharin and ousted Zinoviev and Kamenev. Then he managed to oust Bukharin. During this time he was adding people to government positions, including the 5 member Politburo that made the top governmental decisions and especially to the secret police. IN the late 1920s Stalin dominated the Communist Party, but he could still be removed from power if the Central Committee voted against him. Stalin still had to respect the fact that there were other "old Bolsheviks" that were around in Lenin's day and were respected enough that they could put together a vote against him. Then Stalin eliminated as many of those "old Bolsheviks" as he could on false charges. Eventually, Stalin had four handpicked men serving with him on the Politburo, so there were few disagreements with him. Just as important, Stalin chose the men who would run the secret police. Once that combination of control of the Politburo and control of the secret police was attained, Stalin could do almost anything, but not quite everything, he wanted to do.

Hitler: Germany Stalin: Russia Mussolini: Italy these are the only ones I know of.

Trotsky believed as well as Lenin did that if a communist / socialist government is to come to power (USSR) it should openly support and interfere with every conflict and help the communist factions to try to spread communism internationally. Stalin believed that too but when he came to power he changed his view, He openly wrote books talking about the possible failures of Marx and Lenin. Stalin believed that a communist / socialist country should try to create a utopia where life was so good for all citizens that all other countries in the world would want to follow that belief and convert to communism themselves.


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