How did the cites of Italy help create the Renaissance?
Because of the bad behaviour of the popes.
Italy, being in the perfect spot to become part of large amounts of the early trade in Europe, quickly became the birthplace of the Renaissance because not only did most traveling scholars pass through the town, but the city already had vast artistic influence. Thus, Italy became the birthplace of the Renaissance and went on to influence many great artists and educators.
The word Renaissance means “rebirth” and this is what happened. There was a birth of knowledge, science, books were printed, art grew with sponsored benefactors to help build cathedrals and add art. Italy was the home of the Renaissance and people like da Vinci painted commissions for wealthy benefactors like the Medici.
How does geography help explain the connection between the Italian renaissance and ancient Greece and Rome?
Italy was the geographical connection. Rome was (and is) in Italy. Italy was the heart of the Roman Empire, its most urbanised area and the hub of the trading networks of the empire. Up to the capture of Constantinople in 1453 by the Ottoman Turks, the Italians of the Renaissance were only interested in the Romans. Greek scholars fled to Italy and taught Greek and Greek literature, philosophy and science, reviving the interest in the…