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Q: How did turgot justify the abolition of French guilds?
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What are causes of the French Revolution?

The Causes of the French Revolution were the significant historical factors that led to the revolution of 1789 in France.Although France in 1785 faced economic difficulties, mostly concerning the equitability of taxation, it was one of the richest and most powerful nations of Europe. The French people also enjoyed more political freedom and a lower incidence of arbitrary punishment than any of their fellow Europeans. However, Louis XVI, his ministers, and the widespread French nobility had become immensely unpopular. This was a consequence of the fact that peasants and, to a lesser extent, the poor and those aspiring to be bourgeoisie, were burdened with ruinously high taxes levied to support a wealthy monarchy, along with aristocrats and their sumptuous, often gluttonous lifestyles.The fall of the ancien régime in France may be blamed, in part, on its own rigidity. Aristocrats were confronted by the rising ambitions of the merchants, tradesmen and prosperous farmers, who were allied with aggrieved peasants, wage-earners and intellectuals influenced by the ideas of Enlightenment philosophers. As the revolution proceeded, power devolved from the monarchy and the privileged-by-birth to more-representative political bodies, like legislative assemblies, but conflicts among the formerly allied republican groups became the source of considerable discord and bloodshed.A growing number of the French citizenry had absorbed the ideas of "equality" and "freedom of the individual" as presented by Voltaire, Denis Diderot, Turgot, and other philosophers and social theorists of the Enlightenment. The American Revolution demonstrated that it was plausible for Enlightenment ideas about how a government should be organized could actually be put into practice.Some American diplomats, like Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, had lived in Paris where they consorted freely with members of the French intellectual class. Furthermore, contact between American revolutionaries and the French troops who served as anti-British mercenaries in North America helped spread revolutionary ideals to the French people. After a time, many of the French began to attack the undemocratic nature of their own government, push for freedom of speech, challenge the Roman Catholic Church, and decry the prerogatives of the noblesThe Revolution was not due to a single event but to a series of events, that together irreversibly changed the organization of political power, the nature of society, and the exercise of individual freedoms.crisis,the existing government was dissolved and a brief constitutional monarchy was established that failed to halt the popular insurrection.


Was King Louis XIV unpopular and why?

King Louis XIV was not popular among citizens. He was considered to be an extremely indecisive person, which lead to his leadership not being firm enough. King Louis XIV also inherited an enormous amount of debt when he received the throne. This debt affected the country negatively.Ê


Related questions

When did Turgot of Durham die?

Turgot of Durham died in 1115.


When was Michel-√Čtienne Turgot born?

Michel-Étienne Turgot was born in 1690.


When did Michel-√Čtienne Turgot die?

Michel-Étienne Turgot died in 1751.


When was Sébastien Turgot born?

Sébastien Turgot was born on 1984-04-11.


What is Anne Robert Turgot's birthday?

Anne Robert Turgot was born on May 10, 1727.


When was Anne Robert Turgot born?

Anne Robert Turgot was born on May 10, 1727.


When did Anne Robert Turgot die?

Anne Robert Turgot died on March 18, 1781 at the age of 53.


How old was Anne Robert Turgot at death?

Anne Robert Turgot died on March 18, 1781 at the age of 53.


How old is Anne Robert Turgot?

Anne Robert Turgot was born on May 10, 1727 and died on March 18, 1781. Anne Robert Turgot would have been 53 years old at the time of death or 288 years old today.


What are A.R. Turgot's achievements?

they were to help people in society and in government


What is one major reform that turgot recommended for France?

taxing the nobles


Who did Louis XVI choose as a minister of finance?

Turgot, Necker, and de Calonne