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They revolve sets of coils of wire across a strong magnetic field, and this induces electrical currents in the coils.

NB The current will only flow if thetwo ends of the coils are connected, and this is achieved by whatever circuit is connected to the generator's output.

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Q: How do electric generators convert kinetic energy into electrical energy?
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What are some known energy conversion devices?

Photo voltaic cells (solar cells) convert light energy into electrical energy. Electric generators convert kinetic energy into electrical energy. Internal combustion engines convert chemical energy into kinetic energy.

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All mechanical (power station) generators do this.

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It turns the pressure energy into kinetic energy that moves the rotors electric generators to produce electricity

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Wind turbine generators are used to convert the kinetic (movement) energy of the wind directly into electrical energy, which is used to power electrical appliances and needs no further conversion.

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Electric motors take electric energy and turn it into kinetic energy Generators take mechanical energy and turn it into electric energy

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They don't. An electric motor is designed to convert electrical energy to kinetic energy, not the other way round. A device that converts kinetic energy to electrical energy is called a generator or a dynamo. Sometimes the same device can do both things (convert in both directions), but since the device is especially optimized for one function, it may not be very good at the other one.

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They both convert kinetic energy to electrical energy.

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