springfield 12ga single barrel shotgun SN 536344 barrel, 66344 action, 144 on handgrip
Contrary to what some believe, Springfield Arms was never a subsidary company of Cresent Arms. Springfeild Arms, like Cresent Arms, were both bought out by Stevens/Savage. Unlike the Cresent, Springfield manufacturing continued after the buy out.
Springfield Arms Co was absorbed by Stevens very early, before 1900. Stevens continued to use the Springfield name on certain models of shotgun. Savage absorbed Stevens around 1930 or so, and continued to use the Springfield name on into the 1980's, generally on guns sold to mass-marketers.
Crescent Firearms was originally an independent manufacturer that was bought by the major wholesale HD Folsom, which also eventually was absorbed by Savage.
Here's what little I can find in the Standard Catalog. Incorporated in 1902. Used the names Union Fire Arms, Union Arms Company, Illinois Arms Company and Bee Be Arms Company. In 1917 the company was either bought up or absorbed by Ithaca Gun Company. They manufactured slide action shotguns, hammerless doubles, a few single shot shotguns, and a couple semi-automatic pistols.
Most Stevens shotguns have a model number on the right side of the receiver (5000, 5100, 3xx, 2xx). If the company name is marked "J. Stevens Arms Co", it was made after 1920 when Stevens became a division of Savage. Sometime in the 1940's the "J" was dropped. Riverside shotguns were made by Stevens. I'm not sure when they started and stopped using this name, but a Riverside hammergun should be the Model 215 which was produced from 1913-1932. The Model 215 hammergun was sold as the Springfield-Stevens from 1930-1932. On the left side of the receiver is: Springfield manufactured by J.S. Stevens Arms Company Chicopee Falls, Mass. USA Pat. Feb. 10-1914
First you have to determine what kind of "Springfield" you have. It could be a US military arm from the Springfield Armory dating to sometime before the Civil War or a new sporting arm from Springfield, Inc., but most likely it is a shotgun made by J. Stevens Arms or the Stevens Division of Savage Arms.
Volunteer and Volunteer Arms Co were trade names held by Belknap Hardware and used on guns made by Crescent Firearms Co, Crescent-Davis Arms Corp, Davis=Warner Arms Corp, Iver Johnson Arms & Cycle, Harrington & Richardson Arms Co, J. Stevens Arms & Tool Co, and possibly other manufacturers.
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