The two sewing concepts most important to making a quilt are "piecing" and "quilting." "Piecing" refers to assembling small pieces of material into a decorative quilt top, while "quilting" describes the technique of sewing the quilt layers together to create a finished product. Quilting ensures your batting -- the filling in the middle of the quilt -- doesn't shift or bunch when used.
Piecing (sometimes called "patchwork") is the art of making a design by sewing scraps or remnants of different cotton fabrics (patches) together. Sometimes patchwork follows a known pattern, such as Log Cabin; other times, the patches are just chosen randomly, in a fashion known as "crazy quilt. To make a quilt, first choose your fabric and a pattern. There are many books and magazines devoted to the art of quilting, with designs of varying levels of difficulty. A simple nine-patch pattern is fun and easy for your first project.
Some people pre-wash and dry their fabrics before cutting. This is an especially good idea if you're using bright colors that might bleed and ruin other bits of material. Pre-washing also removes sizing and other protective chemicals, and allows the fabric to shrink before sewing. For best results, tumble dry on low heat, remove fabric from the dryer immediately, and always iron before you cut.
Other people prefer crisper fabric because it's easier to cut and work with, and either skip the pre-wash step, or spray the fabric with starch before ironing.
Use a rotary cutter to cut nine large blocks of fabric for the top. Always cut parallel to the grain (the direction the threads run) to prevent stretching. Blocks cut along the grain assemble nicely, while blocks cut across the bias (diagonally across the weave) tend to stretch, and are difficult to fit together accurately.
Once all of your blocks are made, sew them together using a quarter-inch seam. Press each seam open with a steam iron as you work. Now sandwich the quilt: place backing fabric down on the floor or a large table, then place a layer of quilt batting cut slightly larger than the back over it. Make sure you have an even margin all the way around, with equal measures of batting on each edge. Next, lay your pieced design on top, with the pattern facing up. Smooth out any wrinkles and make sure everything lines up properly (this step is much easier if you have a helper).
Once everything is lined up properly, find the center of quilt and fasten the layers together with a large safety pin. Working from the center outward, continue placing pins every six inches, until the entire sandwich is completely secure. If you plan to complete your project by traditional hand-quilting, you can leave the pins in place. If you plan to finish by machine, as many people do, baste the layers together using a wide and loose running stitch, then remove the pins (so they don't break your needle).
Now the piece is ready to be quilted using a pattern of straight or decorative stitches to replace the basting. Not only does this ensure durability, it contributes to the beauty of your finished piece. Since the project described is a 9-patch quilt, simply follow the lines of the squares with your sewing machine or hand-stitching.
Finally, finish the edges by sewing on a binding. This is a simple overview of quilt-making. For more comprehensive instruction, see the selection of beginner books available via Related Links.
A quilt block is an individual piece of fabric used to make the pattern of the quilt top. Many blocks are sewn together to create a quilt. Quilt pieces could be be called patches, or blocks. Usually a quilt block is assembled from several quilt pieces, though not always. They are sometimes called appliqué.
To make a knot a quilt, you will first have to cut out your quilt squares. To do this make a template. Your template should have evenly spaced slashes all around the square. Use the template to cut out your fabric squares, include the slashes. You simply tie knots by attaching one quilt square to the next by knotting the cut pieces of fabric to one another.
Eleanor Burns has written: 'Morning Star Quilt (Quilt in a Day)' 'Make a quilt in a day--log cabin pattern' -- subject(s): Patterns, Patchwork, Machine quilting 'The sampler' -- subject(s): Patterns, Patchwork, Machine quilting 'Kaleidoscope quilt' -- subject(s): Patterns, Patchwork, Machine quilting, Kaleidoscope quilts 'Sunbonnet Sue visits Quilts in a day' 'The Underground Railroad Sampler' 'An Amish quilt in a day' -- subject(s): Patterns, Patchwork, Machine quilting 'Jewel Box Quilt (Quilt in a Day)' 'Ice Cream Cone Quilt (Quilt in a Day)' 'Easy Strip Tulip' 'Country Flag Wallhanging and Placemats' 'Birds' in the Air' 'Radiant star quilt' -- subject(s): Patterns, Patchwork, Machine quilting, Star quilts 'Lover's knot' -- subject(s): Patterns, Patchwork, Machine quilting 'Still Stripping After 25 Years' 'Flying Geese Quilt in a Day' 'Pioneer Sampler (Quilt in a Day)' 'Log Cabin Christmas Tree Wallhanging' 'Make a Quilt in a Day' 'Kaleidoscope Quilt (Quilt in a Day)' 'Friendship quilt' -- subject(s): Friendship quilts, Machine quilting, Patterns 'Schoolhouse Wallhanging' -- subject(s): Patterns, Patchwork, Wall hangings, Machine quilting 'Tulip quilt' -- subject(s): Patterns, Patchwork, Quilting 'Double Pinwheel Quilt'
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