How does the temperature of the solvent affect the rate of dissolving?
Yes, it does.
A rule of thumb for Chemistry is that a 10 degree (Celsius/Centigrade) rise in temperature will double the rate of a reaction. Dissolving follows a similar pattern.
When dissolving a solid or liquid as the temperature of the solvent increases the rate of discussion?
Some things: Agitation: As in, the number of collisions within the molecules. This is why we stir when we are dissolving something.. more collision will increase rate. Temperature: The higher the temperature, the more energy the solution will have, hence more space between the molecules because they move around so much. This means more kinetic energy. Surface area: Meaning the area of contact within the solute and the solvent. More surface area = faster dissolving.
Increasing the temperature of a solvent speeds up the movement of its particles. This increase cause more solvent particles to bump into the solute. As a result, solute particles break loose and dissolve faster. Temperature often affects solubility rates. Endothermic stuff tends to go faster in warm, and exothermic stuff tends to go faster in cool.
You have to know the nature of the solvent and the nature of the solute .In order to speed up dissolving ,the surface area of the solute ,the temperature of solvent and the rate of stirring is essential .The solute you must have many surface area exposed to the solvent .Take for example ,you have a sugar cube which has six sides which is the surface area and you wanted to dissolve it .As you…
the temperature of water affects the dissolving rate because the hotter the mixture the more kinetic energy there is & it would contain a low amount of viscosity allowing more space for the particles to move around. the colder the mixture is, there is a lower amount of kinetic energy but a high amount of viscosity. causing very little room for the particles to move around in. The warmer the temperature of the water the…