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  • Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)

How is MRSA contracted?

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βˆ™ 2006-08-05 08:42:44

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This section contains general information concerning the problem of MRSA under the following sections; What is MRSA? Why bother with MRSA? How do we prevent the spread of MRSA? What do visitors need to do? What about MRSA at home? What can be done about MRSA? What is MRSA? The organism Staphylococcus aureus is found on many individuals skin and seems to cause no major problems. However if it gets inside the body, for instance under the skin or into the lungs, it can cause important infections such as boils or pneumonia. Individuals who carry this organism are usually totally healthy, have no problems whatever and are considered simply to be carriers of the organism. The term MRSA or methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is used to describe those examples of this organism that are resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Methicillin was an antibiotic used many years ago to treat patients with Staphylococcus aureus infections. It is now no longer used except as a means of identifying this particular type of antibiotic resistance. Individuals can become carriers of MRSA in the same way that they can become a carrier of ordinary Staphylococcus aureus which is by physical contact with the organism. If the organism is on the skin then it can be passed around by physical contact. If the organism is in the nose or is associated with the lungs rather than the skin then it may be passed around by droplet spread from the mouth and nose. We can find out if and where Staphylococcus aureus is located on a patient by taking various samples, sending them to the laboratory and growing the organism. Tests done on any Staphylococcus aureus grown from such specimens can then decide how sensitive the organisms is to antibiotics and if it is a methicillin resistant (MRSA) organism. These test usually take 2-3 days. Why bother with MRSA? MRSA organisms are often associated with patients in hospitals but can also be found on patients not in a hospital. Usually it is not necessary to do anything about MRSA organisms. However if MRSA organisms are passed on to someone who is already ill, then a more serious infection may occur in that individual. When patients with MRSA are discovered in a hospital, the hospital will usually try to prevent it from passing around to other patients. This is known as infection control. How do we prevent the spread of MRSA? Measures to prevent the spread of organisms from one person to another are called isolation or infection control. The type of infection control or isolation required for any patient depends on the organism, where the organisms is found on an individual and the patient. The most important type of isolation required for MRSA is what is called Contact Isolation. This type of isolation requires everyone in contact with the patient to be very careful about hand washing after touching either the patient or anything in contact with the patient. If the organism is in the nose or lungs it may also be necessary to have the patient in a room to prevent spread to others by droplet spread. Because dust and surfaces can become contaminated with the organism, cleaning of surfaces are also important. This usually occurs after the patient leaves the hospital. If a number of patients are infected with the same organism it is possible to nurse them in the same area. On occasions for the sake of other patients it may be necessary to move carriers of MRSA to an isolation unit such as ours which specializes in isolating all types of infections to protect other persons. The medical care of such patients will continue in an isolation unit which are well used to caring for all types of medical and surgical problems associated with infections. What do visitors need to do? Provided relatives and friends of patients with MRSA are healthy there is no restriction on visiting and it carries no risk. Visitors are not required to wear special clothing BUT we would ask you to help us prevent this organism spreading around our hospital by keeping the patients' door closed at all times and always washing your hands whenever you leave the room. What about MRSA at home? In patients who are otherwise well the organisms often disappear once the patient leaves the hospital. Sometimes they do not however, and this may mean that when a patient has to go back into hospital the isolation precautions need to be used again. Provided everyone at home is healthy special precautions are not required at home. What can be done about MRSA? In certain situations it may be a good idea to try to get rid of the organism from a patient and this can be done with various creams and shampoos or on occasions combinations of antibiotics taken by mouth or by injection depending on the health of the patient.

2006-08-05 08:42:44
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Related Questions

Is MRSA also airborne virus?

can MRSA be contracted by being in the same room with an infected person?


How long does it take for MRSA to infect someone after exposure?

MRSA is mostly contracted if YOU have a wound for the bacteria to enter into. Other than that ur fine, just keep hygiene.


Where did MRSA originate from?

it started from hospitals and animals MRSA/Multidrug Resistant Staphylococcus aureus was discovered in 1961 in the UK. It is now found worldwide. it is thought that Mrs elenor Chorley contracted it


Does bactrim treat methicilin resistant Staph aureus aka MRSA?

Co-trimoxazole is a combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, a sulfa drug. It is usually useful for the MRSA that is contracted outside of hospitals.


How is Mersa Contracted?

Its actually MRSA (Methycillin Resistant Staphlococcus aureus) also know as ORSA (Oxacillin Resistant Staphlococcus aureus). MRSA is the most common nosocomial infection (infection acquired in the hospital). MRSA enters through cuts and wounds om the skin.


Can you go on a cruise with MRSA?

we leave for a cruise in like 9 days, my son has recently contracted MRSA, was wondering if we will still be ok to go or if they will even allow it on the boat. he has been on antibiotics for 10 days


How can MRSA be contracted?

If an individual is already carrying the MRSA bacterium, the person could be attacked when there is a cut or lesion in the skin. Nevertheless, the spread of this disease is mainly related to the immediate surroundings. The spread of MRSA primarily occurs in hospitals where most people curently have a weakened immune system.


How do you contract the disease MRSA?

MRSA can be contracted through a cut in the skin or may take root if allowed to cultivate on the skin long enough without being rinsed off. In order to avoid getting the skin disease wash after working out or contacting somebody who has it.


How does MRSA get in the bloodstream?

MRSA is spread via contact through the mucous membranes or open wounds. I can tell you from personal experience with working in hospital settings, that the vast majority of MRSA cases in hospitals (where MRSA is usually contracted) is the result of nurses and aids moving from room to room with using gloves or washing hands. I've also worked in hospital as a nurse. MRSA is now rampant, old systems of cleaning wards kept infection MRSA at bay. POOR OR NO HANDWASHING is main cause of mrsa. Doctors sthethoscops have thought to spread MRSA. All health professionals should take time to thoroughly wash hands. When youare in hospital, had surgery, immune system weakens. With an open wound mrsa spreads quickly, thus entering blood stream


How does someone with Rhuematoid Arthritis contract MRSA?

My husband got MRSA in a nursing facility during postoperative recovery from surgery on his femur, which had been destroyed by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The infection spread to other parts of his body which resulted in more surgeries, more infections, and finally his death.


What is the common name for MRSA?

MRSA is the common name for MRSA.


MRSA in saliva?

MRSA can be in saliva.


Can cats get MRSA?

Cats can get MRSA.


What is septic MRSA?

Septic (sepsis) MRSA means that the MRSA bacteria has entered into the blood.


Is MRSA an airbourn virus?

MRSA is not airborne.


What type of microbe is MRSA?

mrsa is a bactrium


What is the MRSA colonized resident?

MRSA colonized resident means that the person is a carrier of the MRSA bacteria.


What year was MRSA found?

MRSA was found in 1961.


Is MRSA highy contagious?

MRSA is highly contagious.


Is amoxicillin effective on MRSA?

No. MRSA is resistant to Amoxicillin.


What microbe causes MRSA?

does MRSA cause bacteria


Is MRSA a virus or fungus?

MRSA is a fungal infection


Can MRSA be hereditary to your children?

MRSA is not hereditary to your children.


Is MRSA resistant to anitbiotics?

MRSA is resistant to antibiotics.


Is MRSA contagious if it is in the bone?

is mrsa in the bone contagious