Asked in Uncategorized
How long can you go without having bowel sounds after major surgery?
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Asked in Health
Is it normal to feel weak and loss of appetite and nothing taste good after bowel surgery?
Asked in Science
Can you survive without a bowel?
Yes you can survive without most of your small bowel and all of your large bowel. Nutrients are absorbed in the small bowel but you can survive with just part of it intact. People have surgery resulting in ileostomy (where the remainder of the small bowel is bought onto the surface). Waste products are then discharged into a bag attached to the surface of the abdomen.
Asked in Intestines
Will a nick in your lower bowel heal after surgery?
Asked in Intestines
What are the long and short term after effects of a small bowel resection?
What is difference between sympathomimetic and anticholinergic?
Small Bowel Obstruction?
Most cases of intestinal blockage are known as small bowel obstruction. This condition is mainly seen in patients with a prior surgical history or patients with Crohn's disease or some other inflammatory bowel disease. With small bowel obstruction, part or all of the small bowel is blocked off by either stool or adhesions. Though it may seem like a problem that requires surgery, most of the time people with this problem can be treated in the hospital without surgery.
Asked in Surgery and Hospitalization
My husband has had a flare up of ulcerative colitis and has been found to have a tumor he will have to have surgery and we are looking for advice on which surgery to have?
If he has colitis and a bowel tumour, the best option will be to have a total colectomy. A colostomy is managed easily, but you can have the option of having a pouch. Pouch surgery has its own complication like increased frequency of bowel, urgency, inflammation of the pouch called pouchitis and stricture formation requiring dilatation. In reality having a colostomy is better as it causes less problems and recovery is quicker.
Asked in Down Syndrome, The Duggars
Does Josie Duggar of 'The Duggars' have Down syndrome?
Asked in Health, Conditions and Diseases
Why is there increased bowel sounds with an inguinal hernia?
Asked in Health, Medical Supplies
How do doctors use stethoscopes?
Doctors and nurses use stethoscopes to: listen to blood pressure listen to breath sounds, both from chest and back listen to heart sounds evaluate the apical heart sound and rate evaluate all arterial pulse points throughout the body (especially carotids and both sides of the groin ) evaluate carotid arteries for sounds of blood restriction or blockage evaluate bowel sounds for bowel complaints and after surgery or trauma locate the lack of bowel sounds below a certain portion, which can indicate the position of an intestinal blockage or ischemia (absent sound due to lack of blood flow)
Asked in Conditions and Diseases, Intestines
During constipation which area of abdomen bowel sound is located?
Asked in Men's Health
Is it normal to secrete a whitish discharge from your penis when you are having a bowel movement?
Definition Abdominal sounds are the noises made by the intestines. Alternative Names Bowel sounds Considerations Abdominal sounds (bowel sounds) are made by the movement of the intestines as they push food through. Since the intestines are hollow, bowel sounds can echo through the abdomen much like the sounds heard from water pipes. Most bowel sounds are harmless and simply mean that the gastrointestinal tract is working. A doctor can check abdominal sounds by listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope (auscultation). Although most bowel sounds are normal, there are some instances in which abnormal bowel sounds provide valuable information about the health of the body. Ileus is a condition in which there is a lack of intestinal activity. Many medical conditions may lead to ileus. It is important to evaluate it further because gas, fluids, and the contents of the intestines can build up and break open (rupture) the bowel wall. The doctor may be unable to hear any bowel sounds when listening to the abdomen. Reduced (hypoactive) bowel sounds include a reduction in the loudness, tone, or regularity of the sounds. They are a sign that intestinal activity has slowed. Hypoactive bowel sounds are normal during sleep, and also occur normally for a short time after the use of certain medications and after abdominal surgery. Decreased or absent bowel sounds often indicate constipation. Increased (hyperactive) bowel sounds can sometimes be heard even without a stethoscope. Hyperactive bowel sounds mean there is an increase in intestinal activity. This can sometimes occur with diarrhea and after eating. Abdominal sounds are always evaluated together with symptoms such as: Gas Nausea Presence or absence of bowel movements Vomiting If bowel sounds are hypoactive or hyperactive and there are other abnormal symptoms, it is important for you to have continued follow-up with your health care provider. For example, no bowel sounds after a period of hyperactive bowel sounds can mean there is a rupture of the intestines, or strangulation of the bowel and death (necrosis) of the bowel tissue. Very high-pitched bowel sounds may be a sign of early bowel obstruction. Common Causes Most of the sounds you hear in your stomach and intestines are due to normal digestion and are no need for concern. Many conditions can cause hyperactive or hypoactive bowel sounds. Most are harmless and do not need to be treated. The following is a list of more serious conditions that can cause abnormal bowel sounds. Hyperactive, hypoactive, or missing bowel sounds: Blocked blood vessels prevent the intestines from getting proper blood flow. For example, blood clots can cause mesenteric artery occlusion. Mechanical bowel obstruction is caused by hernia, tumor, adhesions, or similar conditions that can block the intestines. Paralytic ileus is a problem with the nerves to the intestines. Reduced nerve activity can result from: Blood vessel blockage Bowel blockage Chemical imbalances such as hypokalemia Infection Overexpansion of the bowel Trauma Other causes of hypoactive bowel sounds: Drugs that reduce intestinal movements such as opiates (including codeine), anticholinergics, and phenothiazines General anesthesia Radiation to the abdomen Spinal anesthesia Surgery in the abdomen Other causes of hyperactive bowel sounds: Crohn's disease Diarrhea Food allergy GI bleeding Infectious enteritis Ulcerative colitis Call your health care provider if Call your health care provider if you experience any symptoms such as: Bleeding from your rectum Nausea Prolonged diarrhea or constipation Vomiting What to expect at your health care provider's office The doctor will perform a physical exam and ask you questions about your medical history. You may be asked: What other symptoms do you have? Have you noticed any abdominal pain? Have you noticed any diarrhea? Have you noticed any constipation? Have you noticed any abdominal distention? Have you noticed any excessive or absent gas (flatus)? Have you noticed any bleeding from the rectum or black stools? Depending on the findings of your physical exam, the doctor may order more tests. Tests may include: Abdominal CT scan Abdominal x-ray Blood tests Endoscopy If there are signs of an emergency, you will be sent to the hospital. A tube will be placed through your nose or mouth into the stomach or intestines. This empties the contents of your intestines. Usually, you will not be allowed to eat or drink anything so your intestines can rest. You will be given fluids through a vein (intravenously). You may be given medication to reduce symptoms and to treat the cause of the problem. (The specific medication depends on the situation.) Some people may need surgery right away. References Bengiamin RN, Budhram GR, King KE, Wightman JM. Abdominal pain. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2009:chap 21. Postier RG, Squires RA. Acute abdomen. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2008:chap 45. Reviewed By Review Date: 10/30/2010 Linda Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Asked in Digestive System, Gastrointestinal Tract
In which abdominal quadrant are bowel sounds most active and easiest to auscultate?
Bowel sounds are MOST ACTIVE in the Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) because to the right of the Umbilicus is the Ileocecal Valve and the point at which the Small Intestine connects to the Large Intestine. However, they can be heard in other quadrants too but the Right Lower Quadrant is where bowel sounds are most active.