How many Australians know how to read?
Most Australians know how to read. Austalia has a national literacy rate of 96%.
I don't know how they felt emotionally, if that is what you're trying to find out. Fact is, however, that the Australians fought against the Turks during the battle of Gallipolli. So I don't think the Australians considered the Turks to be their 'mates'. The reason the Australians fought against the Turks, was probably the pressure put on them by Great Britain. I don't know how willing they were to actually fight the Turks though.
There are few traditions which are celebrated by most Australians, as the Australians are a diverse people from a mix of cultural backgrounds. Many would suggest that watching sport is a strong tradition. It is for a significant number of Australians, but there are many who have no interest in sport. Weekend picnics and barbeques are very popular "traditions", but again, they are not appreciated by all Australians.
What were some of the experiences of Australians as a result of their involvement in the World War 2?
Many young Australians lost parents. Many Australian parents lost children. Many Australians came back crippled and psychologically scared from the war experience. Australians in Darwin experienced bombing by the Japanese and in Sydney attacks by mini submarines. American soldiers on R&R also left quite a few litle new Australians behind. to name but a few of the experiences.