Pope Paul VI was elected before the second year of the Vatican Council started. John Paul I John Paul II Benedict XVI Francis
Roman Catholic AnswerThe Second Vatican Council was an Ecumenical Council of the Church. By definition, an Ecumenical Council must be called by the Pope and all the Bishops of the world (or as many as can get there) attend. Vatican Council II was unique among councils as it invited non-bishops as observers.
The opening session of the Second Vatican Council was nearly 2,400 Bishops from all over the world. There were also numerous "experts" and theologians, as well as observers who were invited from other religions, although only the Bishops were officially members of the Council.
Many commentators said that the Second Vatican Council was the Council that Luther would have wanted. Many of the things he opposed were clarified here.
16 documents were produced.
Vatican II was held in four sessions in the autumn of the years 1962-1965.
As an Ecumenical Council is guided by the Holy Spirit, and, when approved by the reigned Pope, is considered infallible and must be believed by the faithful, then, of course, the Second Vatican Council was a success. However, if you look at whether it has been implemented fully and correctly, then, as of 2014, fifty years after the Council, it has been an abysmal failure; and yet, if you look at previous Councils of the Church, it usually takes about a hundred years for a Council to be implemented. Unfortunately with this Council, many tried to move things too fast, and in the wrong direction, so much of what has to be done must first be undone.
The counter-reformationThere have been many, but in recent history the one that happened was the Second Vatican Council, sometimes referred to as Vatican II. It ran from the 11th of October 1962 to the 8th of December 1965.
The Second Vatican Council had been considered by Pope Pius XII, but Blessed John XXIII actually called it. The Council was primarily a pastoral council to see how the church could deal with the needs of people in the 20th century. The Council did not change the language of the Mass, but allowed for certain parts (such as the readings) to be in the language of the people. Many of the changes that people associate with Vatican Council II such as the design of churches and, even Mass in the common language had been tried before the Council and were brought about by people in the church in opposition to what the documents actually call for. Ultimately, a Council is the work of the Holy Spirit, and so it is God's way of communicating things to us.
The EU has many kinds of meetings in many places. The main ones are in Belgium, Luxembourg and France. Each country also gets a 6 month period of presidency of the European Council, during which various meetings happen in that country. Slovakia is due to have that role in the second half of 2016, so there will be a lot of meetings in Slovakia then.
The purpose of Vatican II was to update the Liturgy or the expression of how we worship Our Lord. According to Pope Benedict XVI, Vatican II was a "renewal in the continuity of the one-subject Church which the Lord has given us."Many myths abound about Vatican II, the greatest of these are that the Church was in need of reform, that it departed from the "sacred patrimony of Truth received by the Fathers," the things that you disagree with are no longer in force, and the Church embarked on a voyage of endless change fueled by the "modernist spirit."The truth about the "Spirit of The Second Vatican Council" was primarily to involve the laity in many of the duties that were once relegated to the religious and to give a greater roll to the laity in all aspects of Church Life..Catholic AnswerBelow is a link to Pope John XXIII's address to open the Second Vatican Council, he called for the Council to do a number of things, primarily to: 1) provide a defense and advancement of Truth.2) To bring the Church's teaching to the modern world.3) To transmit the truth fearlessly.4) To promote the unity of the Christian family.
The Second Vatican Council (otherwise known as Vatican II) was a pastoral council, convened in order to update and review the disciplines, policies and attitude of the Catholic Church vis-a-via the modern world. Many documents were drafted and voted on in this Council that had a very progressive flavor that ultimately caused a rift among the Council fathers as Conservatives fought to organize and resist the changes. What came out of this was a series of vague documents that both sides could effectively interpret. After Vatican II, the liberal forces having triumphed, the progressive view was adopted which led to the liturgical reforms that brought forth the modern Novus Ordo Missa or New Mass as well as the attitudes towards liturgy in general in its conduct, literature, prayers, architecture and ecumenism. The Council made no dogmatic definitions nor did it declare itself a full ecumenical council versus just a pastoral one. Traditionalists that continue to resist the effects of Vatican II point to this as their justification for rejecting outright or resisting the modern changes. An excellent and remarkably objective book on the Council is "The Rhine Flows into the Tiber" by Ralph M. Wiltgen, who was a journalist covering it at the time.