Chemistry
Elements and Compounds

# How many structural isomers are there for hydrocarbons having the molecular formula C4H10?

###### Wiki User

Structural isomers have same molecular formula but different structural formula. Structural isomers for Butane having formula C4H10 are two. One is n-butane and the other is iso-butane.

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## Related Questions

### Structural isomers have .?

Structural isomers have the same molecular formula but the bonds are different.

### Which compounds have the same molecular formula but different structures?

Isomers! For example glucose and fructose, they're structural isomers which means they have the same molecular formula of C6H12O6 but a different structural formula.

### Why do isomers differ?

In chemistry, isomers are compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas.

### Chemical formula for pentanol?

The molecular formula for pentanol is C5H12O. There are several structural isomers.

### What compounds with the same chemical formula but different molecular structures and shapes?

Compounds with same molecular formula but different structures or shapes are examples of structural isomers or geometrical isomers.

### Two compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structural formulas are?

Two compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structural formulas are isomers of each other.

### Why molecular formula of glucose and fructose is same but structural formula is different?

Glucose and fructose are isomers; the empirical formula C6H12O6. Glucose and fructose have each some isomers.

### Structural isomers have the same physical properties?

Structural isomers have the same molecular formula but different structures. This difference in structure cause them to have different chemical and physical properties.

### What is isomerism?

In chemistry, isomers are organic compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas.

### How do two structural isomers differ from each other?

Structural isomers are chemical compounds that have the same molecular formula but different arrangements, that create two totally different compounds.

### The difference between stereoisomers and structural isomers?

Structural isomers also called constitutional isomers are different compounds that have same molecular formula but different molecular structure. Structural isomers have same number of each type of atoms but the atoms are connected in a different order in them. Structural isomerism is seen in organic compounds. It can be due to different arrangement of carbon chain, due to different position of functional group on the carbon chain, due to different functional groups that give their family of compounds same molecular formula. Difference in arrangement of atoms is visible if structural formulas are written for compounds having same molecular formula. Like structural isomers, stereoisomers also have same molecular formula. Stereoisomers are not structural isomers. Stereoisomers have their atoms connected in same sequence( same constitution), but they differ in the arrangement of atoms in space. Cis and trans isomers of alkenes are examples of stereoisomers. Carbon chain arrangement, position of functional groups, and everything that could be different in structural isomerism is same here.

### Can molecules with the molecular formulas C4H10 and C4H10O be structural isomers of one another?

No, because the second formula contains an oxygen atom and the first formula does not. Structural isomers must have the same numbers of all types of atoms.

### Why do chemists use structural formulas for organic compounds rather then molecular formulas such as C5H12?

Starting with C4H10, hydrocarbons can have multiple configurations, called isomers, for the same formula. These isomers are regarded as different compounds and have different physical and chemical properties. In such cases simply using the chemical formula would be ambiguous.

### Structural isomers of c6h12?

Unfortunately it is impossible to draw every structural isomer on word, therefore, I'd suggest looking it up in a book, or trying it yourself.isomers: are compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural shapes.

### Can molecular formula be used to show difference between isomers?

Nope.... isomers differ only in their structure not in their molecular formula

### Are butane and cyclobutane structural isomers?

Nope. Butane has a formula of C4H10. While cyclobutane has a formula of C4H8. They're not isomers, let alone structural isomers, at all! Because they don't have the same chemical formula.

### How many different structural isomers are there for a hydrocarbon with the formula c5h12?

There are three different structural isomers for a hydrocarbon with the formula c5h12. They are pentane, isopentane, and neopentane.

### What is different and similar about isomers?

Isomers are similar in that they have the same molecular formula, but there are also differences because their structural formulae are different. The type and degree of the differences in behaviour depends on which sort of isomerism it is.

### What is the difference between optical and structural isomers?

Structural isomers have the same molecular formula but different connectivity. Optical isomers have the same molecular formula but rotate plane polarized light. Optical isomers occur when chiral centers exist in a molecule giving rise to enantiomers. Enantiomers are molecules with non-superimposable mirror images. One enantiomer will rotate plane polarized light in the clockwise direction and the other will rotate it in the counterclockwise direction.

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