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Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with carbon, its compounds, and their properties.

Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

What is the IUPAC for glucose?

On wikipedia, it says that the IUPAC name for glucose is 6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol. ...
Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Acids and Bases

Why para nitro phenol is more acidic than meta nitro phenol?

Para nitrophenol is more acidic than meta nitrophenol because the deprotonated cation for the para form is able to delocalize the positive charge over the ring AND the nitro group, whereas the meta form is only able to delocalize over the ring. Thus the para ion is more stable, so the products for an acid-base reaction are more favoured for the para than for the meta. ...
Asked in Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry

What is the structure of phenyl?

the phenyl group or phenyl ring is the with the formula C6H5. It can be thought of as being derived from benzene(C6H6) the six carbon atoms are arranged in a cyclic ring structure RGUKT IIIT NUZVID : N091528 The term refers to the phenyl moiety aromatic molecular formula C6H5-R. This group is part of the family and is an aryl benzene derivatives by loss of a hydrogen atom. It is often designated by the symbol Ph,-Φ, φ-or-Ø. This name refers also the radical derived...
Asked in Organic Chemistry

What is the IUPAC name o f CH2CO?

CH2= C=O , There is a ketene group. The iupac name may be "oxo-ethene" Or CH=_C-OH Ethynol ...
Asked in Science, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Is graphene stronger than diamonds?

Yes graphene is a new two-dimensional material what is the hardest and thinnest material known to man also it can conduct electricity 100 times faster than silicon in computer chips and much much more it really is a wonder material so yes it is harder than diamond. NB: Natural diamond is the hardest natural mineral known. As well, hard and strong do not necessarily equate. ...
Asked in Organic Chemistry

What is a saturated ketone?

A saturated ketone is one which has saturated alpha, beta carbons etc.. (by this I mean saturated with hydrogens, there are no double bonds). The opposite, a conjugated ketone, is one which has double bonds in its substituents or R groups (such as an aromatic ring system or alkene). For example, benzil is a conjugated ketone while acetone is a saturated ketone. Source: Organic Chemistry student ...
Asked in Organic Chemistry, Elements and Compounds

Why is tin IV selenide SnSe2?

Tin(IV) has a positive four charge. Selenide usually forms a 2- ion. Ionic compounds need a neutral, balanced charge. With the above information, the rest is pretty much just math. Tin - Sn(+4) Selenide - Se(-2) So you need two of Se to balance the +4 with a -4. = SnSe2 The answer above is OK, however if you are familiar with the idea of oxidation states SnIV is tin in its 4th oxidation state. Selenium has a common oxidation stae of -2 and once again...
Asked in Earth Sciences, Organic Chemistry

What would happen if you put salt water in the sun?

Theoretically, if you were to physically go to the Sun and pour a bucket of salt water on the Sun, the bucket of water would simply evaporate, along with you can the bucket itself. However some may say the Sun is a giant nuclear reactor. If you were to input a salt water compound large enough to withstand the heat of the Sun (which is improbably to say the least), the hydrogen and oxygen atoms would split apart from each other....
Asked in Organic Chemistry

What is MgBrOH?

MgBrOH or HO-Mg-Br is 'Hydroxy magnesium bromide' a compound that is formed when a Grignard's reagent is allow to react with water in presence of an acid. ...
Asked in Biology, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

What is the defining characteristic of organic molecules?

Organic chemistry is defined as 'the chemistry of compounds of Carbon'. Or, more accurately, compounds containing carbon-hydrogen bonds. (For example, carbon dioxide doesn't count as organic.) ...
Asked in Science, Organic Chemistry

Why electric current moves faster in ice than water?

Since ice is a solid, the molecules that make it up are a lot more closely packed then in water. Also, water is one of the few substances that grow in volume when frozen this may give the electrons in an electrical current more room to move through the solid object. ...
Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Are SN1 or SN2 reactions faster?

Depends. SN1 will be faster if: ~Reagent is weak base. ~C connected to the Leaving Group is tertiary (sometimes secondary) ie the leaving group must be a better leaving group. the leaving ability is inversely proportional to the basisity of the compound (its basic character ~The solvent used is polar protic (water and alcohols, etc.) SN2 will be faster if: ~Reagent is a strong base. ~C connected to the LG is primary or a methyl group (sometimes secondary) ~The solvent used is polar aprotic (DMF, DMSO, etc.) ~SN2...
Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Chemical Bonding

Can water form hydrogen bonds with hexane?

No, hexane is a non polar molecule and can not form hydrogen bonding with itself, water , ethanol or any other molecule. ...
Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

How can you make H2S at home?

The commercial method is , FeS + 2HCl ----> FeCl2 + H2S , but at home you can prepare this gas by adding Vinegar in yolk of an egg and then heating. ...
Asked in Herbs Spices and Seasonings, Food Spoilage, Storage of Meats Poultry and Seafood, Organic Chemistry

What animal does saltpeter come from?

Historically, it was derived from bat guano but now it's primarily created by oxidizing ammonia made by the Haber process. ...
Asked in Science Experiments, Organic Chemistry

What is the atomic number of CH4?

Methane is a compound and therefore does not have any atomic number. It is composed of carbon with atomic number 6 and hydrogen with atomic number 1. ...
Asked in Organic Chemistry, Periodic Table, Elements and Compounds

Why do people use non-aqueous solvents?

Different reactions require different solvents. Sometimes the polarity of H2O can hinder the progression of the reaction by H-bonding to the reactants. Also, sometimes a reaction requires a stronger or weaker solvent to insure that you have your reactants reacting and not a reactant with the solvent. ...
Asked in Organic Chemistry

What is Borsche's reagent?

It is 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine with formula C6H6N4O4 or C6H3(NO2)2NHNH2. I suppose that the formula of the Borch reagent is NaBH3CN. ...
Asked in Units of Measure, Organic Chemistry, Chromatography

What is a meniscus in chemistry?

The upper surface of a Liquid in a narrow tube is the Meniscus of liquid, it may be Concave or Convex depending that Liquid is wetting or non wetting liquid. ...
Asked in Nutrition, Food Science, Organic Chemistry

What do polysaccharides include?

Common polysaccharides are starch, glycogen and cellulose. The name comes from poly (many) and saccharide (sugar) due to their composition. Polysaccharides are also known as complex carbohydrates. They are made up of over 20 monosaccharide (single sugar) units joined together. They can be categorised as digestible (e.g. starch) or indigestible (cellulose, hemicelluloses, pectins). ...
Asked in Organic Chemistry

What is CH3OCH2CH3?

Type your answer here... ether Its iupac name is methyl ethyl ether. also known as Methoxyethane. Methoxyethane is a colorless gaseous ether with a medicine-like odor. It is extremely flammable, and its inhalation may cause asphyxiation or dizzyness. As a Lewis base, it can react with Lewis acids to form salts and reacts violently with oxidizing agents. ...
Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Hydrocarbons

Is cycloalkane a saturated hydrocarbon?

Yes, because all the valencies of carbon atoms are satisfied by sigma bonding and cycloakane does not undergo the addition reactions. However many chemists would say that only alkanes are fully saturated and these have no ring structure and a general formula of CnH2n+2 ...
Asked in Biology, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

What is photolysis in Biology?

Photolysis is any reaction where a chemical compound splited by photon (units of light). In a lay man's language splitting up a chemical compound in presence of light. In photosynthesis photons split water molecule into its constituents and release energy in the form of electrons which are transported to the electron transport chain along electopotential gradient The reaction is a s follows H2A + 2 photons (light) 2e- + 2H+ + A A can be oxygen or in purple sulfur or cyanobacteria can...
Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

What are 6 factors affecting reactions rates?

The six factors affecting the rate of a reaction Nature of the reactants Temperature Concentration (or pressure ) of the reactants Presence or absence of catalyst Allotropic modification Physical state of the reactants (surface area) In the case of photochemical reaction - Intensity of light I hope it might help you. ...
Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Chemical Bonding

Does XeF2 have a dipole moment?

XeF2 has NO dipole moment. It is linear, F-Xe- F. Both ends will have the same electron density arounf them. ...