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Exodus 12:40-41 says the Hebrews spent 430 years in Egypt: "Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years ..." Of course, not all of this time is said to have been as slaves. However, the genealogy of Moses does not allow such a long time, since he had to be born sometime between 15 years and 270 years after the arrival in Egypt, lived 120 years and yet led the Israelites on the Exodus for some forty years.

Perhaps in recognition of this problem, a Jewish midrash of the common era attempted to rationalise by stating that Moses protested to God that he could not lead the Hebrews, because they had only been in Egypt for 210 years and had not yet faced the 400 years of oppression that God had foretold to Abraham. God responded that the time of oppression had to be dated from the birth of Isaac, and so 400 years had indeed gone by.

The great majority of biblical scholars now believe that the Israelites were never slaves in Egypt and that there was no Exodus as described in The Bible.

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โˆ™ 2016-02-16 07:13:36
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โˆ™ 2020-08-16 16:10:45
Let God be true, and every man a liar.ย 
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โˆ™ 2020-08-16 16:13:23
Not true. I choose to believe the Scriptures, not some rabbi. These same rabbi were in Israel when Jesus was born. None of them know. It took some star-gazers to come from a foreign country to tell them Christ had been born. They erred then; and now.
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โˆ™ 2016-02-16 07:16:14

Traditional answers regarding the amount of time the Israelites spent in slavery in Egypt include 400 years, 430 years, and 210 years.

It depends on when you start your timeline. Some say 430 years, figuring from the time that Jacob and his family came down to join Joseph in Egypt. But when the Israelites arrived in Egypt they were guests of the Pharaoh for whom Joseph served as grand vizier. Joseph arranged for his family to live in the Goshen area (that part of northern Egypt on the eastern side of the Nile Delta) where they were pretty much left alone by the Egyptians and continued to lead a peaceful life.

Others say 210 years, figuring from the time that "there arose in Egypt a Pharaoh who did not know Joseph. Even here, there's a clear lack of clarity, for while many believe that the oppressive Pharaoh was Ramses II there is (as yet) no conclusive archaeological evidence to support this.

Around 400 years is the most accurate answer. The Bible is the most accurate historical book we have.

The Septuagint translates verse 40 in Exodus chapter 12 as such: "And the sojourning of the children of Israel, while they sojourned in the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan was four hundred and thirty years." The above verse falls into accordance with NLT's translation: "This is what I am trying to say: The agreement God made with Abraham could not be canceled 430 years later when God gave the law to Moses. God would be breaking his promise" Galatians 3:17. From the two passages we may conclude that the 400 years specified in Genesis 15:13 commence 30 years after the covenant (agreement) mentioned in Galatians 3:17, making the sojourn of Israelites 430 years in a foreign land.

"The LORD had said to Abram, 'Leave your native country, your relatives, and your father's family, and go to the land that I will show you. I will make you into a great nation. I will bless you and make you famous, and you will be a blessing to others. I will bless those who bless you and curse those who treat you with contempt. All the families on earth will be blessed through you.' So Abram departed as the LORD had instructed, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he left Haran." Genesis 12:1-4 states the establishment of the covenant and Abraham's age upon arriving at Canaan. 30 (time from covenant to 5 years subsequent to birth of Isaac) + 55 (Genesis 25:26) + 130 (Genesis 47:9) + 215 (time after Jacob's arrival in Egypt to the Israelites' departure from Egypt and the giving of Ten Commandments at Mtn. Sinai) = 430.

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โˆ™ 2015-10-25 06:51:57

According to the continuous tradition of the Israelites (Jews) themselves, they were in Egypt for a total of 210 years. Of this, the slavery itself lasted about 115 years.

Verses which mention 400 years (Genesis ch.15) and 430 years (Exodus ch.12) are calculated from events in Abraham's lifetime, not during the actual sojourn in Egypt (Rashi commentary, ibid).

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More about the Exodus

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โˆ™ 2020-07-08 21:39:21


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Q: How many years were Israelites slaves in Egypt?
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Related questions

How many Israelites were slaves in Egypt?

all but one

How many Israelites left Egypt at the exodus?

When the Jewish people came to Egypt, there was only 70 of them. But When the Jewish people left Egypt about 200 years later, there was about 60,000 of them. This was because at the time that the Israelites were slaves, mothers gave birth to about 6 children at a time!

Did the israelites go into slavery?

Yes they were held slaves many times, the main one was in Egypt and Babylon.

How many days it takes Israelites to travel from Egypt to Canaan?

It took the Israelites a total of 40 years of wandering to reach Canaan.

How many years were Jews slaves in Egypt?


How many slaves are there in Egypt?

In 2013 there are no slaves.

Were there slaves in Ancient Egypt?

Yes there were slaves in ancient egypt, but not as many as people think.

How many Israelites went into Egypt?


What was the exodus in judaism?

After prosper Judaism was formed however, the pharaoh of Egypt didn't like how many Israelites were living in Egypt with fear of them rebelling and taking control and the Israelites were enslaved by Egypt. After asking the pharaoh to release his people and the pharaoh saying no bad fortune was given and later the Israelites were freed a man named Moses was responsible he then lead Israelites back to their land of Canaan taking many, many years in what is now known as the Exodus

How man slaves were they in Egypt?

Contrary to popular belief, there actually weren't many slaves in Egypt.

What king of Egypt had the Israelites as slaves?

The Bible tells us that the Israelites served in Egypt for four hundred years, a period that would have spanned the reigns of many kings. However there is nothing in the extensive Egyptian records of the time to suggest that the Israelites were even in Egypt. The first and only Egyptian mention of the Israelites is in a single Egyptian document from the period of Merneptah, king of Egypt, dating from 1208 BCE: "Plundered is Canaan with every evil, Ascalon is taken, Gezer is seized, Yenoam has become as though it never was, Israel is desolated, its seed is not." There is no suggestion that the defeat of the Israelites achieved revenge for their flight from Egypt, but instead the document suggests that they were a weak and backward rural community in the Palestinain hinterland or possibly in modern Jordan.

How did the Israelites come to be slaves for the Pharaoh?

A:According to the Book of Exodus, the Israelites, who had previously been free settlers in Egypt, were enslaved because the pharaoh became alarmed at their growing number and the risk that the Israelites might one day seek to overthrow the Egyptian rule.On the other hand, Ze'ev Herzog (Ha'aretz Magazine, 29 October, 1999) says that what archaeologists have learned from their excavations in the Land of Israel is that the Israelites were never in Egypt, did not wander in the desert, did not conquer the land in a military campaign and did not pass it on to the twelve tribes of Israel. He says the many Egyptian documents that we have make no mention of the Israelites' presence in Egypt and are also silent about the events of the Exodus. If the Israelites were never in Egypt, then of course they were never slaves for the pharaoh.

How many of the Israelites that left Egypt made it to the Promised Land?

It is not known. ==== The Bible never gives an exact amount of Israelites that entered the Promised Land. The Israelites wandered 40 years to reach the Promised Land, out of all of the Israelites that left Egypt, only Joshua and Caleb were allowed to enter the Promised Land. The rest were to wander and not allowed to enter. The only other Israelites that were allowed to enter the Promised land were all of the Israelites that were under the age of 20 years old.

How many years were the Hebrew children slaves in Egypt?

The period of time of slavery was roughly 400 years, some say it was more.

How many israelites did not come out of egypt?

The number of Israelites that did not leave Egypt is not mentioned in the Old Testament. It is estimated about 2 million to 3 million did leave Egypt, including men, women and children.

How many israelites entered Egypt?

2 to 3 million

What happened to the israelites in Egypt?

They were kept as slaves for centuries. The Israelites (Hebrews) at first enjoyed a prosperous period in Egypt (Genesis 47:27), since the Egyptians were grateful to Joseph (a leading Israelite) for having enabled them to survive a famine (Genesis ch.41). Later, the Israelites were enslaved by the Egyptians (Exodus ch.1), with backbreaking labor and cruel decrees (ibid). By the time of the Exodus, many of the Israelites had given up hope (Exodus ch.6).

How many israelites when into Egypt?

According to the account in Shmos (Exodus), 70.

How many years did Israelites wonder through the desert?

The Israelites did wander in the wilderness for a period of 40 years.

What work did the slaves of Egypt do and what were their rights?

The slaves work in many places and the slavs have no rights

How did many slaves in ancient Egypt made money?

Slaves dont need money.

Were the Israelites slaves or workers for the Egyptians?

According to the Bible, the Israelites were clearly slaves and not free-agent workers for the Egyptians. This is most strongly demonstrated by the supposed unwillingness of the pharoah to allow the Israelites to leave. However, nowhere in the many highly detailed Egyptian accounts of their daily life, that have survived and been translated by scholars, is there any evidence for the presence of the Israelites in Egypt. And there are many puzzling discrepancies between the archaeological evidence and the biblical stories. Israel Finkelstein says that over ninety per cent of scholars do not believe that the Exodus happened as described in the Bible.

How many years were the Israelites in Exile?

According to Talmudic reckoning: In Egypt: 210 years Babylonian exile: 70 years Present exile: 1944 years so far

How many years did Israelites wander in the wilderness?

Forty years.

How many years did the Israelites wander in the desert?

40 years

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