How much does space shuttle fuel cost?
It uses 610 tons of liquid oxygen and 100 tons of liquid hydrogen, which at market prices cost in total about US$ 200,000. The solid fuel boosters use a fuel for which there is no market price, but in total all the liquid and solid fuels used do no exceed one or two million dollars. NASA, however, spends over 700 million USD on each launch due to bureaucracy and "pork".
2 people found this useful
According to NASA's Human Space Flight web site FAQ's, cost at $1.7 billion. See related link
Answer . The Space Shuttle's large External Tank is loaded with more than 500,000 gallons of super-cold liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen, which are mixed and burned together to form the fuel for the orbiter's three main rocket engines. . yay i answered my question
The space shuttle uses liquid hydrogen as the main engine fuel, along with liquid oxygen as an oxidizer. The shuttle uses two solid-fuel boosters (SRBs) that contain a mixture that is mostly aluminum powder, iron oxide, and ammonium perchlorate (the oxidizer , which is about 70% of the chemical mix…). While in orbit, the space shuttle uses hydrazine (N 2 H 4 ) and nitrogen tetroxide (N 2 O 4 ) for thrust, as these chemicals are relatively stable for a long duration in space and provide excellent thrust to weight ratio. However, these chemicals are very poisonous, and after the shuttle lands the crew remains inside for several minutes to allow any remaining reaction gases to dissipate. . \n . \n ( Full Answer )
Answer: . All combustion reactions require oxygen, since there is no oxygen in space, they must bring it with them.
I am not too sure but I did read that they were 37 feet long which surprised me but I didnt understand they went all the way around the Solid Rocket Boosters at the joint
The Space Shuttle Endeavour, the orbiter built to replace the Space Shuttle Challenger, cost approximately $1.7 billion.
The solid rocket boosters each consume propellent at a rate of about 11,000 pounds per second. The 3 main engines on the orbiter combined consume about 1000 gallons on liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen per second, draining the 520,000 gallon external fuel tank in the 8 1/2 minutes of powered flight
The amount of money it costs is 1.7 billion dollars for a space shuttle (only one). . According to NASA's Human Space Flight web site FAQ's, cost at $1.7 billion. . It also depends on the model that it is. .
The Space Shuttle weighs 165,000 pounds empty and with the Shuttle, external tank, solid rocket boosters and all the fuel combined the total weight is 4.4 million pounds. The Shuttle can also carry a 65,000 pound payload.
A single shuttle usually uses over a million pounds of solidpropellant. This is the propellant that can be used to exit theatmosphere, while the 500,000 gallons of liquid fuel are usedoutside of the atmosphere.
Forwarded from NASA.gov.... . A. The average cost to launch a Space Shuttle is about $450 million per mission. .
It costs approximately $450 million dollars to launch a space shuttle. See the related links for more information.
See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Shuttle_program#Budget: The total cost of the shuttle program is estimated to be $185,000 billion (in 2009 dollars) when the shuttle retires in 1010. Per-launch costs can be measured by dividing the total cost over the life of the program (including buildin…gs, facilities, training, salaries, etc) by the number of launches. With 120 missions (as of October 2012), this comes out to roughly $1.4 trillion per launch. Another method is to calculate the incremental (or marginal) cost differential to add or subtract one flight - just the immediate resources expended/saved/involved in that one flight. This is about $900 million Chinese Yen. So overall, it would cost $9.38 trillion dollars per shuttle. ( Full Answer )
The external tank was painted white for the first two space shuttle launches (STS-1 and STS-2). The paint was abandoned for two reasons. 1) After both launches, large pieces of paint had been observed flaking off due to booster ignition vibration (ignition shock). To prevent possible damage to th…e space shuttle heat tiles all future missions omitted the external booster tank paint. 2)In an effort to reduce the Shuttle's overall weight STS-3 and all subsequent missions used an unpainted tank, saving approximately 272 kg (600 lbs). This lack of paint gives the External tank its distinctive orange color. ( Full Answer )
The external fuel tank caries 146,182 US gallons of liquid oxygen and 395,582 US gallons of liquid hydrogen to fuel the orbiter's main engines. Each of the 2 Solid Rocket Boosters each contains 1,100,000 pounds of propellent consisting of ammonium percholate, iron oxide, and aluminum. Electrical p…ower is provided by fuel cells. The solid rocket boosters fire for approximately 2 minutes when they are jetisoned and recovered for reuse on later missions. The orbiter drains the external fuel tank within the first 8 minutes after launch and jetisons it to burn up in the atmosphere. ( Full Answer )
The Solid Rocket Boosters each burn 1,100,000 lbs of fuel. The main tank which contains essentially a liquid oxygen/hydrogen mix burns a little less than 1,200,000 lbs. A little is reserved for maneouvring in space.
\nThe space shuttle uses liquid nitrogen and liquid oxygen as fuel.\nGenerally a sufficient quantity of fuel is carried but if need be re-fuelling can be done in space.
approximately 17.6 billion including personal wages, and the cost of cargo.... you can find it all on www.nasa.gov
approximately 17.6 billion including personal wages, and the cost of cargo.... you can find it all on www.nasa.gov
Both. There are actually 3 types of fuels used by the Orbiter and launch vehicle combination. The solid Rocket boosters that are attached to either side of the main fuel tank employ solid fuel. The Shuttle's main engines use a mixture of Liquid Hydrogen and Liquid Oxygen. On Orbit The OMS rockets us…e a combination of Hypergolic fuels. They are Hydrazine and Tetrazine. When mixed in the combustion chamber of the OMS (Orbital Maneuvering System) engines, they burn without the need for an electrically induced ignition charge. The OMS is used for transferring to different orbital planes and for the Deorbit burn that starts the re-entry process ( Full Answer )
Space shuttles use fuel when taking off and for control while in orbit, deorbiting, and landing. The main takeoff engines use liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, and there are two solid-fuel rocket boosters. In orbit, the shuttle uses thrusters that burn hydrazine and nitrogen tetroxide.
not sure there are two different scales that i know of GS-12 can earn up to $65,000+ a year. Gs-13 $96,700+ a year depending on experience and commitment to the job and how long you have been doing it you can be earning up to $114, 000+ year. Starter astronaughts earn $175.00 a day. Not to s…ure about this but i got this off the internet from other forums so just look around. Good Luck :) ( Full Answer )
The Solid Rocket Boosters - SRBs - provide high, steady thrust to launch the Shuttle from the Earth. But if all they had were the solid rockets, they would always end up in exactly the same orbit. The liquid fuel main engines - and the massive External Tank - provide the ability of the Shuttle to… regulate the thrust, to apply more or less power at each stage of the mission, and maneuver in orbit. But the liquid fuel main engines doesn't provide enough energy at liftoff. In tandem, the two systems give them the high and constant thrust at takeoff while retaining the ability to have variable thrust once off the ground. ( Full Answer )
Around $450 million to prepare for the next launch. That is for the main, and two auxiliary boosters.
The 3 main engines provide a maximum of 37 million horsepower. The 2 solid rocket boosters generate 44 million horsepower for a total of 81 million horsepower.
No one is really sure so maybe looking on google is better or a reliable source
The external tanks can contain up to 534,900 US gallons of propellant. The shuttle has two of these.
The five general purpose computers (GPCs) on the space shuttle only have about 1 megabyte of memory. Although 1 megabyte might not seem like much by today's standards, the computers run very efficiently. Because the space shuttle's computers do not require a complex graphic interface or any of the m…any games and programs on a home computer, 1 megabyte is all that is required. All the computer does is process raw data from the shuttle's sensors, and coordinate the shuttle's functions. ( Full Answer )
Liquid Oxygen and liquid hydrogen in the fuel tank. The orbiter uses Monomethylhydrazine (MMH) and Nitrogen tetroxide or peroxide(N2o4). For takeoff the shuttle uses a hydrogen/ oxygen mixture. In orbit it uses a solid mixture of powdered aluminum and ammonium perchlorate All current spacecraft …use chemical rockets (bipropellant or solid-fuel) for launch Liquid O2 ( Full Answer )
No, californium is not used in space shuttle fuel. . A radioactive transuranic element , californium is used in starting nuclear reactors, optimizing coal-fired power plants and cement production facilities (via online analyzers), medical treatment of cancer, and oil exploration via down hole we…ll logging. It was first produced by bombarding curium with alpha particles ( helium ions ). ( Full Answer )
Probably a few minutes. Note that once the space shuttle is in orbit, it doesn't need fuel to stay in orbit.
The External Tank (ET) on the US Space Shuttle is what holds the fuel for the space shuttles main engines. The tank is the large rust colored structure under the belly of the Space Shuttle and between the two Solid-Rocket-Boosters. While the ET is the largest part of what lifts-off with the shuttle,… it has no engines on it. It stand 153.8 feet tall, it's diameter is 27.6 feet wide, and weighs 1,680,000 pounds. It's liquid oxygen tank holds 19,541.66 cubic feet of oxygen, the liquid hydrogen tank holds 52,881.61 cubic feet of hydrogen. The tank has been modified from its original design, it used to weigh 77,600 pounds, but now it weighs only 58,500 pounds. The original tank was painted white for thermal reasons, but that was proven unnecessary, not painting the tanks save about 600 pounds. The tank was modified into the Light-Weight Tank (LWT). The LWT was used on most off the Space Shuttle flights. A flaw in the design most likely led to the Columbia Disaster. The new design called the Super Light-Weight Tank is currently the model in use. ( Full Answer )
The Space Shuttles still in use by NASA are the Discovery, the Endeavor, and the Atlantis. Each of them is 184 feet long. Each of these space shuttles' orbiters is 122 feet long.
According to a report on the SpaceRef web site linked below as 'Lockheed Martin Awarded External Tank Contract', NASA has a contract with Lockheed Martin, New Orleans, that totals $2.94 billion to build 17 external tanks through Sept. 2010. That comes out to be an average price of around $170 millio…n per tank. However, the report mentioned above is about an addition to the external tank contract, so it may be a misprint and the 17 external tanks may be additional tanks added to take the contact to the end of the shuttle program. According to the reference linked below as 'The Assembly and Production of the External Tank', each tank costs about $55 million as of 1995. Later tanks, called the Super Light-Weight Tanks (SLWT) cost around $5 million more than the earlier version, the Light-Weight Tank. The SLWT costs more because they use an aluminum/lithium alloy that is more expensive and harder to work than earlier materials. By making the tank lighter, the shuttle is able to carry a heavier payload. This change allowed the shuttle to meet the payload requirements for construction of the International Space Station. ( Full Answer )
The average cost of a space shuttle launch is approx $450 million. That is if we limit our costs to the resources used up by each launch and we ignore the investment costs. If we want to include investment costs then, with the entire space shuttle programme, costing somewhere in the region of $150 b…illion and there being something like 125 full launches we get an average cost of approx $1.2 billion, you would be pretty safe to say that each launch has cost the USA somewhere between $1 billion and $1.5 billion. ( Full Answer )
The Space Shuttle Main Engines burn Hydrogen and Oxygen. The byproduct of this reaction is water. The formula would be: 2H2 + O2 = 2H20 + energy
Each tile has an estimated cost of roughly $3,000. There are over 30,000 tiles, ranging from different shapes and sizes. That's approximately $90,000,000.
Theoretically yes - although it won't have enough to return. Once out of the gravitational pull of the Earths gravity and a couple of gravitational assists from other planets, a shuttle could make it to Pluto and beyond.
space shuttles use a very high amount of propellant because turn on at high perigee at point of igniting
NASA is not selling them. The Discovery is going to the Smithsonian. The Atlantis, Endeavour and Enterprise orbiters will be donated to other museums; about 20 museums have submitted proposals. Each museum must cover the cost of preparing and transporting the orbiter, about $28.8 million.
The space shuttle only use the liquid fuel that is onboard to start the decent process. They burn their engines to slow down just enough for the earths gravity to begin pulling them back to earth. After that, they are simply big gliders.
No. The large orange External Tank or ET as it is called is jettisoned at about the 8 minute mark of the flight and burns up in the earths atmosphere during its reentry.
The external tank held 535,000 gallons of propellants -- 390,000 gallons liquid hydrogen and 145,000 gallons liquid oxygen
APCP (Ammonium Perchlorate Composite Propellant) is the primary fuel component of the Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters. Though the primary fuel element is Aluminum, it's a mixture of the following elements: Ammonium Perchlorate (oxidizer, 69.6% by weight), Aluminum (fuel, 16%), Iron Oxide (a cataly…st, 0.4%), a polymer (such as PBAN or HTPB, serving as a binder that holds the mixture together and acting as secondary fuel, 12.04%), and an epoxy curing agent (1.96%). The Space Shuttle's main engines use a combination of Liquid Oxygen (LO x ) and Liquid Hydrogen (LH 2 ), stored in the Shuttle external tank. ( Full Answer )
Two reasons: . Weight. Batteries are heavier per energy unit than fuel cells. . Capacity. Fuel cells can store much more energy than batteries. As a bonus, the weight for the fuel cell fuel reduces the weight of another required consumable: water. The "exhaust" of fuel cells is pure water w…hich astronauts can drink. ( Full Answer )
Probably, people cant tell because it took a lot of steps and a lot of things that people can not tell. It is beyond the human bounds to tell. Even if the person who invented, i think can not tell.
Yes the main one which is the orange one and the side booster rockets that are white and there are two of them
The fuel inside is super cool. The insulation slows the temps from raising too fast and the fuel evaporating
No. The Saturn V used a first-stage booster of RP-1 (kerosene) and liquid oxygen. The second stage used liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, as the shuttle engines do. The shuttle uses liquid hydrogen and oxygen for the main engines, and also two solid-fuel boosters (SRBs) when launched.
At launch the solid rocket booster uses a solid propellant with a mixture of powdered aluminum and ammonium perchlorate. The Space Shuttle itself uses Liquid Hydrogen (Hydrazine) & liquid oxygen.