Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttles are reusable spacecraft with wings for controlled descent into the atmosphere. They are designed to transport astronauts between earth and an orbiting space station and to deploy and retrieve satellites. Atlantis, Discovery, and Endeavour are the three Space Shuttles in operation today.

7,017 Questions
Space Shuttle

When the space shuttle lands why is there fire coming out in back of the shuttle?

I'm not sure if you are referring to the ionized plasma seen upon reentry of the shuttle, or the wingtip vortices that you sometimes see when the shuttle has reentered the atmosphere and is close to landing.

The former is caused by heating of the air and skin of the shuttle as it reenters the atmosphere, causing the molecules of gas in the air to heat up and break apart into an ionized glowing plasma. It's not really fire, but rather more like the material you see in those toy plasma / lightning globes, or inside a neon lamp.

The latter is due to a decrease in pressure between the top and bottom of the wings. This change in pressure causes water to condense out of the air and form these vortices.

You may also be seeing the exhaust of the Shuttle's Auxiliary Power Units, which is near the tail. The APU units are one system the shuttle uses to generate electrical and hydraulic power. It was more visible during night landings, if at all.

Space Shuttle
Challenger and Columbia Disasters

Who were the seven astronauts who lost their lives aboard the space shuttle Challenger on January 28 1986?


Mechanical Engineering
Space Shuttle

How does the space shuttle stand up?

It's bolted to the launch platform. 4 frangible (explosive) bolts which are detonated at the moment the solid rocket boosters are ignited, are on each of the 2 solid rocket boosters.. The strength of these bolts is shown by the fact that the orbiters 3 main engines, representing nearly 40 million horsepower, run for several seconds before the bolts are released.

The space shuttle, external fuel tank, and solid rocket boosters are mated in the Vehicle Assembly Building at the Kennedy Space Center into what NASA calls "the stack". This stack is mounted atop the mobile launch platform which is transported to the launch pad via the crawler-transporter.

The orbiter and solid rocket boosters are also connected to the external fuel tank via similar bolts that are detonated during the appropriate time during the ascent.

Space Travel and Exploration
Space Shuttle
Neil Armstrong

Who was the first person in space?

The first person to travel in space was Soviet cosmonaut Yuri A. Gagarin (1934-1968). He traveled aboard the Vostok 3KA spacecraft, known as Vostok 1, which was launched April 12, 1961, in a flight lasting one hour and forty-eight minutes.
Yuri Gagarin
Yuri gagarin
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin, Hero of the Soviet Union, was a Soviet cosmonaut. On 12 April 1961, he became the first person in space and the first to orbit the Earth. He received many medals from different countries for his pioneering tour in space.

For the source and more detailed information concerning your request, click on the related links section indicated below.
The first human in space was Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin on April 12,1961 to orbit the Earth he received medals from around the world.
The first man in space was the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, who made a single orbit of the Earth on April 12, 1961.

The first US astronaut into space was Alan B. Shepard, who made a suborbital flight on May 5, 1961. This was followed by another suborbital flight by Gus Grissom, and by a three-orbit flight by John Glenn on February 20, 1962. The US astronauts were part of NASA's Project Mercury.
Alan B. Shepard; Neil Armstrong was the first to walk on the moon, not to go outside of the atmosphere.
It was Russian astronaut (cosmonatu) Juri Gagarin (pron. Yuriy Gagarin).
Alan Shepard was the first U.S. Astronaut in space.
The first person to travel in space was Soviet cosmonaut Yuri A. Gagarin (1934-1968). His achievement brought prestige to the Soviet Union (USSR). Gagarin orbited the Earth in the spaceship Vostok I, which was launched April 12, 1961, in a flight lasting one hour and forty-eight minutes. The achievement made Gagarin an international hero.
It was Yuri A. Gagarin.
The first man in space was the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin in his Sputnik spacecraft.
Yuri Gagarin from Russia was the first man to enter space!

Hope it helped! Thanx:D
On 12 April, 1961, the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin blasted off into orbit in his Vostok 1 spacecraft. He circled the Earth once at an altitude of 320 km (200 miles).

Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman in space
The first human to travel into space was Russian Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on the 12th April 1961 when he became the first human in space and the first to orbit the earth.
Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first human in space, 12 April 1961.

Space Shuttle
Electronics Engineering

How do the wings of space shuttles help them fly?

Its just like a plane so the wings help turn space shuttle so it can land on a runway.

Like on an airplane, the wings on space shuttles also help with aerodynamics.

Space Travel and Exploration
Space Shuttle

How do spacecraft land back on earth safely?

The spacecrafts come down slowly as three large parachute help it to land , and the U.s.A choose the sea for double safety.

Space Shuttle
Pilots (aviation)

What is a LM pilot?

The LM pilot is the person who pilots the Lunar Module, the mini-space ship that lands on the Moon. "LM" = Lunar Module.

Space Shuttle

What is the orbital maneuvering system engine?

The OMS engines on the shuttle (there are two) are two hypergolic propellant powered engines used by the shuttle during ascent, orbit and deorbit. During launch, the engines MAY be used after main engine cutoff to boost the Shuttle to a predetermined elliptical orbit. This is called OMS-1 burn. OMS-1 may not be required based on the payload and mission.

OMS-2 burn is used to circularize the elliptical orbit that the shuttle first enters after launch.

The engines may be used to change the shuttle's orbital characteristics during its mission.

The engines are used to deorbit the Shuttle so that it may reenter the atmosphere to come back home.

Space Shuttle

What year did the space shuttle explode 1 minute in to launch?

The space shuttle Challenger exploded in 1986.

Space Shuttle

What are the external fuel tank dimensions for the space shuttle?

Length-153 ft. 9.6 in. Diameter-27 ft. 7.2 in.

Space Travel and Exploration
Space Shuttle

Do spacecraft have window wipers?

No. Operation in rain is not commonly a requirement of spacecraft. Even if it were, the high speeds of spacecraft would cause any rain to fly off the windows. The space shuttle, for instance, is still going just over 400 miles per hour when its wheels touch down when returning to earth.

Space Travel and Exploration
Space Shuttle

Why did they stop the space program?

They didn't; the "space program" includes a lot of stuff besides the space shuttle, and most of the other stuff is still continuing.

The Shuttle first flew in 1981, 30 years ago. Do you still drive a 30-year-old car? It's time for something new.

One of the problems has been that NASA has stopped being a SPACE program, and is little more than a PORK program. There are 435 different congressional districts in the United States, and parts for the shuttle are built in almost 400 of them. There's too much in the way of "pork barrel" spending (a term that applies to spending money wastefully) and too little in the way of actual research. The recently-cancelled Constellation program is based on 20-year-old designs, doesn't utilize new technology, and focuses more on keeping all of the existing NASA engineers employed, rather than actually flying missions.

Robot probes are still being built, and launched, and instead of having one enormous soviet-styled manned space program, there are a half-dozen different PRIVATE space programs. SpaceX, ArianeSpace, Dragon, Scaled Composites; the list goes on.

In 1903, in a massively-funded government development program, the US tried to build a heavier-than-air flying machine. Professor Samuel Langley failed, and his aircraft crashed into the Potomac River on December 8, 1903. On December 17, 1903, two bicycle makers named Wilbur and Orville Wright succeeded where the government had failed. It's happening again.

Space Shuttle
International Space Station
Space Travel and Exploration

How long does it take to get to the ISS?

According to NASA’s website and a video produced in 2013, it takes about 3 days from initial launch to reach the International Space Station. However, that same year, a Russian Soyuz vessel made the journey in under 6 hours.

Space Shuttle

Why is shooting star an inaccurate name for a meteor?

because the shooting star of the shooting star in the galaxy is parr and the field goal of the meteor has to give a striaght parabala and right axis toward the sun.

Space Shuttle

What are the names of all NASA's space shuttles?

Enterprise (OV-101) - Originally to be named Constitution, the name was changed to "Enterprise" after a write-in campaign by fans of the 1960's "Star Trek" TV series. Orbital Vehicle #101 was used for the initial Approach & Landing Tests (ALT) of the Space Transportation System (STS) at NASA-Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards AFB, Calif., and "fit checks" at launch pads 39A and 39B at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida and SLC-6 (Space Launch Complex #6) at Vandenberg AFB, Calif. Currently on display at the National Air & Space Museum's Udvar-Hazy Annex near Dulles International Airport.

Columbia (OV-099) - 1st reusable space shuttle to orbit Earth. Launched April 12, 1981; Lost with crew of seven during re-entry on mission STS-107 on Feb. 1, 2003

Challenger (OV-102) - Lost with crew of seven approximately 73 seconds into flight during STS-51L on Jan. 28, 1986

Atlantis (OV-103) - Decommissioned.

Discovery (OV-104) - Decommissioned.

Endeavour (OV-105) - Built as replacement to Challenger; name chosen during a nation-wide school contest. It utilized the British spelling and is named in honor of Capt James Cook's ship of exploration. Decommissioned.

Space Travel and Exploration
Space Shuttle

How do rockets fly in outer space where there is no air?

The rockets that have been used carry their one oxygen for the combustion. Or they use a fuel that dosn't need to ignite. These latter propellants rely only on Newtons second law.

Space Shuttle
Apollo Moon Missions

Where can you get pictures of both the early and modern space shuttles?

There have been six shuttles, the first being the Space Shuttle Enterprise (OV-1). Although the Enterprise was never intended for use in for orbital missions, its primary use was as a test vehicle for in-atmosphere flight tests of the 747 aircraft "taxi" system that moved the shuttle from Edwards AFB or other alternate landing sites to Kennedy Space Center in those cases where the shuttle couldn't land at KSC. It was also used to test the shuttle's glide and landing capability.

The original 4 space-capable orbiters are:

  • OV-099 - Challenger (originally STA-099)
  • OV-102 - Columbia
  • OV-103 - Discovery
  • OV-104 - Atlantis

Shuttle Endeavour (OV-105) was built to replace Challenger.

The easiest way to get pictures of each shuttle is from the main NASA or Kennedy Space Center websites at the links below. Each shuttle is listed by mission, and each mission has a complete record of low and hi-resolution pictures available for download by the public.

Space Shuttle

What does a space ship need?

A regular space craft would need lots of fule and VERY HIGH power engins and a outer surface that is strong enough to withstand alote of heat and oxgen tanks.

Space Shuttle

When did the space shuttle land at Atlanta Airport?

In 1979, Space Shuttle Enterprise, mounted on top of a specially-modified 747, stopped overnight in Atlanta for refueling and cargo checks.

Enterprise was a test article, it never went into space.

Atlanta Airport is not suitable for landing a reentering space shuttle.

Space Shuttle

How many years did space shuttles carry astronauts to space?

30 years

Space Shuttle

What spaceship launched in Russia?

Sputnik was the satellite launched in 1957 by the Soviet Union.

Space Shuttle

When is the last space shuttle going up?

This was to have happened last year, but problems were found that had to be corrected. The latest estimate is in Feb. 2011, but this is still subject to change. Check the website for the latest information.

Space Shuttle

How many years do space shuttles carry people in space?

From April 1981 to July 2011 when the Space Shuttle was retired.

Space Shuttle

What are the names of all the space shuttles?

The Space Shuttle Fleet Consisted of 6 Orbiters, however, only 5 were used in space flight.

1. Enterprise (used for landing tests never flown in space)

2. Columbia (first Shuttle, destroyed in 2003)

3. Challenger (Destroyed in 1986)

4. Discovery (retired on March 9, 2011; will go on display at the Smithsonian Institute)

5. Atlantis (retired July 21, 2011; will go on display at the Kennedy Space Center Complex)

6. Endeavour (retired June 1, 2011; will go on display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles)

Space Shuttle

Why do scientists use full scale mock ups of shuttles before actual space missions?

They use these models to...

  • Train- Crew members can learn to use the controls and get used to living in the vehicles. Practice is needed for every situation possible.
  • Test- This lets them test all parts of the craft, which is very important for safety. If one thing was to go wrong in space, everyone on the ship could die.

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