If a condo title is transferred before someone can put a lien on it can the lender come after you?

Your question is unclear as to just which parties are involved: potentially you, a lien and a lender.

Your governing documents define the owner's responsibility to pay monthly assessments, and it usually the non-payment of these assessments that precipitates a lien being filed on the unit by the association. Whomever holds title to the property is responsible for paying assessments.

Your mortgage lender becomes involved when you attempt to release your collateral real estate -- by transferring the title -- without paying off the mortgage, and the lender will probably not allow this title transfer in such a case.