If you were to ask the boy, he would tell you no, silly, the ball went straight up and down, and it landed at the exact same spot from where he threw it. If you were to ask a farmer standing in her field beside the train tracks, she would tell you she saw the boy and the ball travel together at 80 kph, and the ball went in the path of an arc while the seated boy traveled in the path of a straight line, and while the ball landed in the boy's hand, both the boy and the ball had travelled 20 meters (66 feet) down the tracks during the time the ball was airborne.
From the boy's perspective, neither he nor the ball moved sideways, and the ball simply when up and down. From the farmer's perspective, both the boy and the ball travelled much farther sideways (20 meters) than the ball travelled up and down (1 meter). It is important to accept that both accounts, while radically different, are correct.
Now imagine the boy had a friend, and they tossed the ball back and forth along the aisle of the train car. Again, from their perspective, nothing unusual would happen - the boys would toss the ball back and forth exactly as expected. More importantly, from the boys' perspective the ball would not go faster in one direction than the other because of the speed of the train. That is because the ball, the boys, the train, the seats, and the other annoyed passengers are all travelling at the same base velocity. From the stationary farmer's perspective, the ball does travel faster when thrown in one direction compared to when thrown in the other direction, but the ball still takes the same amount of time when thrown in both directions, owing to the fact that the train (and the boys and the ball on the train) are all traveling at the same constant base velocity.
For purposes of this discussion, it is more useful to consider the boy's frame of reference, however we will ultimately get exactly the same answers from the farmer's point of view. Both the boy and the farmer will tell you the ball took the same time to go from one boy to the other, regardless of which direction it was thrown. In the remainder of this discussion, we will consider the situation from the moving frame of reference.
Now instead of talking about boys on a moving train, lets talk about airplanes on a rotating earth. All the principles discussed above still apply. The earth, the mountains, people, animals, plants, the atmosphere, clouds - everything - travels at the same speed, just like the boys on the train. That is assuming the winds are calm - more about that in a moment. And since airplanes travel through air (that is what airspeed means) in calm winds it does not matter if you travel in the same direction as the earth's rotation, or in the opposite direction. Just like the boys tossing the ball back and forth on the train, the airplane takes the same time regardless of which direction it travels. Put simply, the earth's rotation does not affect the time it takes for an airplane to fly, regardless of whether it is flying East or West.
If that is so, you ask, then why does it take longer to fly from Paris to New York than from New York to Paris. The answer is the prevailing trade winds. The winds and jet streams at that latitude travel from West to East, giving an eastbound plane a tailwind, and thus a higher groundspeed, compared to a headwind on the return trip, which has a lower groundspeed.
Does the aiming process for long range artillery, and especially naval gunfire, have to adjust calculations to allow for the earth's rotation? Also, when aircraft fly north/south, do compass headings have to be adjusted for rotational effects? Are the jet streams themselves partially a consequence of the earth's rotation? I think the answer to all of the above may be 'yes', bringing the image of aircraft moving in synchronicity with the earth's rotation into some doubt.- Agilis
It is true that when a plane takes off, it is moving with the earth's rotational velocity as well as its own, but the tangential velocity of the earth is not the same everywhere. At the equator, the speed the earth is traveling is much greater than the speed at, say, the 43rd parallel because the 43rd parallel is a lot closer to the axis of the earth's rotation. This phenomenon was brought to light duringwhen the Allies attempted to fire long-range artillery into central Europe from . They projectiles flew off course because their tangential velocity at North was greater than that of the earth in Europe. This is known as the Coriolis Effect.
Actually, long range artillery adjustments to compensate for the earth's rotation have almost nothing to do with the coriolanus effect. No artillery travels far enough to come close to a transit of the Mediterranian Sea. North Africa to Central Europe is possible only with modern ballistic missles. Under 30 miles is the absolute range limitation for most artillery, naval or ground, except for some gigantic multitube experimental monsters. Some of the longest range highly specialized artillery was developed in WW1, when the Germans shelled Paris from a remarkable distance. In any case, aiming adjustments to compensate for the Earth's rotation began in the first decade of the 20th century, and reached an apogee :) during and after WW1, when vessels began shelling each other at ranges that could extend to 20 miles, with huge projectiles that entered the stratosphere before dropping with an impressive multicolor pyrotechnic display as two tons of steel reached white hot temperatures. Computer(primitive) assisted naval gun aiming systems were developed before WW2, and could adjust for the target moving left or right when firing in a north or south direction, farther or closer when firing east or west, and (usually) some combination of two of the earth's rotational elements, along with all the usual range, atmospheric density, and other variables. High altitude experiments in the US immediately after WW2 were conducted with specially modified 16 inch naval guns, until the Army got Von Braun and his colleagues settled properly and V2 rockets operational again. Anything moving with sufficient mass and velocity will be unaffected by atmospheric phenomena. Only gravity becomes a factor, until its limits are escaped.
It depends on where you are flying from, what time of year you are flying, and whether you are willing to tolerate connections.
It is false that a plane flying against a jet stream will travel faster than a plane traveling with a jet stream.
false because if you think of a paper airplane flying against the wind it will fall faster then the paper airplane flying with the wind
It depends on whether you are swimming, sailing, flying or travelling by some other means.
There is no inherent relationship to travel times and the rotation of the Earth, but if you are traveling around the world by air, it's often faster if you do it west-to-east rather than east-to-west. That's because the prevailing winds are generally from the west, and flying with a tailwind is faster than flying with a headwind.
because u go against the rotation of the earth The rotation of the earth does not have any discernible effect. The time difference is variable and due to the prevailing winds which typically blow from west to east, aiding the trip as you travel east and hindering it as you travel west.
Depends on whether you are flying, driving, cycling or walking or travelling in some other fashion.
That would depend greatly on whether one is flying, driving, or walking.
It depends on whether you are driving by car, going by bus, taking the train, or flying by plane.
It depends on whether you are walking, cycling, driving, flying in a commercial aircraft, combat aircraft or rocket!
By flying.....that is why they have wings
The path we travel is an orbit. One complete time around that path is a revolution. Rotation is the act of turning on an axis.
Yes, they travel with their flying unicorns.
counter to the earth's rotation Exactly wrong..........it travels WITH the Earths rotation.....eastwards
Depending on which Island you are flying to/from, and whether the flights are direct; the average flying time is around 5 hours 45 minutes. If you are flying via Lisbon or other European cities you can expect a total travel time of up to 10 hours, depending on the layover time.
He did admit he saw an Unidentified Flying Object in space during their travel to the moon. However, it is unknown whether these U.F.O's are related to alien species.
Because the Earth rotates faster than a plane flies, and anyway you might be flying with the rotation, ie East to West.
By flying on what they so call magical flying wings... nooob wings......... lol
Check with the airline the person is flying with. The airline website will tell you whether or not they require BTA. For instance, KLM flies out of Africa, and they do not require BTA.
It would travel Northeast actually. This reduces the distance the plane has to travel.
It should occur to you that the time taken might depend on the speed at which you are travelling. Whether you are walking or flying might, just, make a tiny bit of difference to the answer!
with this form and the rotation of mercury this can lead to travel
Jupiters rotation time is 9h 55.5m
About 15 hours flying.
Flying is the fastest way.