Gross margin ratio = (sales - cost fo sales) / sales Gross margin ratio =( 28496 million - 19092 million ) / 28496 million

Yes, Revenues minus variable costs gives you your contribution margin. Contribution margin minus fixed costs gives you net income.

Contribution margin = Sales revenue - variable cost Contribution margin = 10 million - 6 million Contribution margin = 4 million

Gross margin is Gross income as a percentage of revenue. Net Margin is net income as a percentage of revenue.

A contribution margin income statement is an income statement in which all variable expenses are deducted from sales to arrive at a contribution margin. It is the expanded version.

=Profit Margin, but the question to you what if COGS=Sales what this means? or in other words what does it mean having Profit Margin=0?

Formula for net income margine: Net income margin = Net income / sales revenue

The factors that impact on the contribution margin are expenses and income or revenue. One can improve their own contribution margin by decreasing expenses or increasing their income.

Net profit margin is calculated as net income divided by sales.

Both statements are different in this sense that in contribution margin statement expenses are classified as variable and fixed expenses while this is not done in normal income statement.

Profit margin = Net income / Sales .08 = Net income / $18,000,000 Net income = $1,440,000 Now we can calculate the return on assets as: ROA = Net income / Total assets ROA = $1,440,000 / $13,000,000 ROA = 0.1108 or 11.08% We do not have the equity for the company, but we know that equity must be equal to total assets minus total debt, so the ROE is: ROE = Net income / (Total assets - Total debt) ROE = $1,440,000 / ($13,000,000 - 3,800,000) ROE = 0.1565 or 15.65%

Contribution margin approach to income teaches the management about how much production volume must achieve to at least recover the full cost of production.

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net income divided by sales

Proforma contribution margin income statement Sales revenue xxxxLess: Variable cost xxxxContribution margin xxxxLess: Fixed Cost xxxxprofit (Loss) xxxx

If you multiply sales times profit margin, you get Gross Profit. Then you have to subtract Total Expenses to arrive at Net Income Before Taxes, then subtract Taxes to arrive at Net Income.

Not necessarily.There are three types of profit margins that are commonly used (they can be calculated off the Income Statement)Gross Margin: Subtracting the Cost of Revenue out of the Total Revenue gives us Gross Profit. Gross Profit Margin =Gross Profit/Total Revenue.Operating Margin: Gross Profit less Operating Expenses gives us Operating Profit. Operating Profit Margin = Operating Profit/Total Revenue.Net Margin: Income before tax less Income Taxes Paid gives us Net Income. This is often called the "bottom line" of the company and is one of the primary indicators of a company's performance. Net Margin = Income/Total Revenue.Typically though, when people talk about profit margin, they usually mean net margin. But it's always wise to double check.

Net sales divided by income

Profit Margin

A profit margin can be negative if the company had a negative net income. For eample if the company had $100,000 in net sales, but their net income was ($10,000) then (10,000)/100,000 = (10%) or negative 10%.

Sales xxxxLess:Variable cost xxxxContribution margin xxxx (balancing figure)

Profit Margin=Net Income/Net Revenues(Net Sales)So... depends on what year or what quarter you are looking for. In 2012, for example, the profit margin was 10.4%

In business, an operating margin is the revenue of a business minus the operating expenses. It is the ratio of operating income divided by net sales.

Contribution margin income statement differs in this way that it only deduct the variable cost from sales to point out that how much is any unit of product is contributing towards recovery of fixed cost while normal income statement don't show this information.

# The current ratio # return on equity # dividend rate # Gross Margin # Net income margin # qurterly and annual growth ratios