"To what extent is Israeli law based on religion?" The Israeli legal system consists of Secular courts and Religious courts. In a general sense, Israeli law is based on the Jewish religion as far as basic, core beliefs having to do with societal values, as 'Western' democratic governments tend to be (think in terms of, "thou shalt not murder"). For instance, the Israel Defense Force's code of ethics consists of a lot of Jewish influences and values (not necessarily law). Specifically, Jewish law plays out within Israeli law in issues of marriage, divorce and conversion. However, on the whole Israeli law is based on British Mandate law (and in land ownership matter sometimes on Ottoman law) and often the courts try and change religious law. This causes a lot of tension between the secular and religious citizens; the latter believing that religious law cannot be changed by humans.
Natural law is defined as a law whose content is set by nature and therefore has validity everywhere. Natural law theory not based on any one religion.
No. Israeli law is based on British Common Law, though it is entirely accommodating of Jewish observance.
Natural law is based on nature and positive rights that inherently belong to humans. The Ninth Amendment and, to a lesser extent, the entire Bill of Rights are based on natural law.
No. To have laws based on a religion is an imposition on those who do not subscribe to that religion. If a law is sound, it can be justified without recourse to religion.
To what extent morality and criminal law overlap?
The term that best describes a government based on religion is called a Theocracy (Theo meaning God).
There are several Orthodox Jewish political parties that wish to make Israeli National Law more in line with Halakha (Jewish Religious Law). Currently, no Israeli Party wants to make Israeli law exclusively halakhically based, barring the Messiah's return. However, these parties are a minority; Israel's electorate is dominated by Secularists.
Almost every government has been influenced or been based around religion, with the exception of the soviet union when it was in power they promoted Atheism and I believe it was against the law to practice your religion openly. But even then human morals are based upon religion whether your religious or not
Personal opinion, based from religion, and if you obey the law your actions are ethical.
Jerusalem is completely under Israeli Civil Law, pursuant to the Jerusalem Law of 1980, but borders upon areas of West Bank (State of Palestine) under Israeli Martial Law.
It depends on the type and extent of use, and much more; there is no straight answer.
Freedom of Religion. "Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of a religion..." Anyone can practice any religion they want based on their first amendment right.
The Law of Return.
Christianity is founded on the teachings of Jesus Christ and the Law of God.
Islam is the official religion of the the Maldives, as well as the only religion tolerated. Practicing any other religion in the country is strictly illegal, for the law is based on the principles of Islam. Non-Muslims are forbidden from becoming citizens.
Sharia law is used by the religion of Islam.
to what extent was alleged abuse of the law cited by Jefferson as justification for American independence
The Western Wall is located in the Old City of Jerusalem. According to Israeli Law, the city is under Israeli civil control. According to International Law, the city is under Israeli Occupation due to UNSC Resolution 242 and should be part of a future Palestinian State subject to negotiations.
Israel is a representative democracy. Its Knesset (unicameral parliament) is comprised of members elected by popular vote of all male and female citizens. Israel hasn't had a Jewish religious government in roughly 2,080 years, and has no official state religion. The last official state religion in what is now Israel was Sunni Islam as late as 1919. While Israel has religious parties in the Parliament and some have been part of the ruling coalition, Israeli Law is in no way fundamentally based in Jewish Religious Law (Halakha). This is profoundly different from nearly all Arab States which state clearly in their Constitutions that the State Law is fundamentally based in Islamic Religious Law (Shari'a).
Law is based on natural law, which is based on morals.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964.
If you agree with the law, it does not affect you. If you disagree with it, you are affected to the extent that you respect and/or fear the law's penalties.
Religion is the law in Puritan New England.
Are you not familiar with the Law of Return? All Jews have an automatic right to immigrate to Israel and to be Israeli citizens. That is the fundamental reason for the existence of Israel, to provide refuge for all the Jews of the world.
Law based on precedents, or judge made law, is referred to as common law.