No, Vicksburg's fall had no bearing on the Emancipation Proclamation.
The final Emancipation Proclamation was issued on January 1, 1863. The earlier one was issued in the Fall of 1862 as a warning to the Southern states. The Emancipation Proclamation was a war measure to damage the economy and social structure of the Confederacy. In itself it freed no slaves as he had no control over Southern states. Additionally, the Proclamation had no effect on slave states that remained in the Union.
Consumerism and the fall of the American Empire in the 21st century The main theme surrounding the Emancipation Proclamation is slavery in the 19th century. The document legally set all slaves free in the Union but had no real effect on the South until the end of the US Civil War.
Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in states that were in rebellion against the Union. The proclamation was issued in the Fall of 1862 and took effect on January 1, 1863.
The Fall of Vicksburg was the strategic/logistical turning point of the war.
Most contemporary Americans ignored the fall of Vicksburg because it was overshadowed by the Battle of Gettysburg.
President Lincoln was unsure how the slave holding border states in the Union would react to his preliminary Emancipation Proclamation in the Fall of 1862. To ensure that there would be no problems or riots in the North over this, he used his executive power to suspend habeas corpus. As an aside, later judicial experts would claim that Lincoln misused his authority to suspend civil liberties.
False, he issued it in the Fall of 1862 after the Union victory at Antietam. An additional point is that the Emancipation Proclamation did not "free the slaves". All the document did was to "free the slaves" in the states in rebellion. While to many this may seem to be one in the same, it is actually not. There were still three slave states in the Union during the course of the war. In the context of the proclamation, the Confederate campaign that was halted at Antietam was called the Maryland Campaign. It was the Confederate goal to bring the slave state of Maryland into the Confederacy.
Cut the Confederacy in two.
The fall of Vicksburg was significant in the Civil War because it was the last Confederate stronghold along the Mississippi River. With its capture, it would split the South in two and open up commercial avenues for the North.
No, that was the the fall of Vicksburg, on the Mississippi river.
Because Lincoln has to be careful not to upset slave-owners in the four border-states that have remained loyal. Otherwise those states may fall into the arms of the Confederacy.
There was the "first emancipation proclamation issued by President Lincoln in the Fall of 1862. This one gave Southern slave owners a chance to set free their slaves and return to the US. The limitations were that it had no effect on states with slaves that remained loyal to Union. The second emancipation, effective on January 1 1863, gave slaves in the South their freedom. The limitation as with the earlier one was that most slaves were under control of their Southern masters. Also, once again the provisions of both emancipations had no effect on US slave states. The British government noticed this " limitation" and saw the whole effort differently.
Lincoln focused on returning the seceding states to the Union and ignored the question of Abolition publicly, also aiming to keep the slave-owning boarder states in the fold. He had wanted to announce the Emancipation Proclamation earlier, but his cabinet persuaded him to wait until the North could claim a battlefield victory. With Antietam in the Fall of 1862, Lincoln felt the opportunity had finally presented itself. Even then, he made the effective date January 1, 1863, to give the rebel states a chance to return to the fold before the Proclamation took effect.
Complete control of the Mississppi River and split the Confederacy in half.
There is a misconception regarding the importance of the fall of Vicksburg after a Federal siege. The logistics and military situation was not altered by Vicksburg's surrender. The Confederate high command had charged off Vicksburg in 1862. The loss of the city fortress and control of the Mississippi River did not add to the military situation for the Union. One thing that historians do agree on was that is was a Union propaganda victory. Some historians wrongfully believe that the fall of Vicksburg was a truning point in the war.
The purpose of capturing Vicksburg was to shut down a huge supply city the Confederacy relied on. Also, Vicksburg being on the Mississippi River, needed to fall allowing the Union full access to this key river. The problem was that Grant failed in attempts to capture Vicksburg early on in the war. His strategy of a river attack failed. Only later in the War did the siege of Vicksburg succeed.
If the question pertains to Union President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, then the answer is that Lincoln issued it twice. Once in September 1863, after the fall of Atlanta and again in January of 1864. The first Proclamation gave all States in rebellion to free their slaves and make a return to the Union. No Confederate State took up Lincoln's offer. In January he issued the Proclamation freeing all slaves in the Confederacy, but not slaves that were loyal to the Union. Since the Proclamation in January 1864 was meant for the Confederacy, it had no legal affect as the Union did not have the power to free the South's slaves. During the Civil War, many slaves did desert to the North and some became Union soldiers.
the Fortress of Vicksburg
The shortcomings of the Proclamation fall in two parts. It's language was measured as a blow against an enemy. Slaves, (chattel) were freed in the "rebelling states" but not in the border slave states that sided with the Union. Secondly, not fighting the Civil War to end slavery but to "Preserve the Union" Lincoln's proclamation is seen more as a military strategy to limit the economic viability of the enemy and foment rebellions among the slaves of the South seeking freedom. Not until the 13th Amendment, after Lincoln's death, was slavery abolished.
After the fall of Vicksburg, Union commanders were concerned that the Confederates had reinforced their armies in Middle Tennessee, East Tennessee, near Vicksburg and at Mobile. Also they were unsure if Confederate General Bragg had sent troops to reinforce Lee in Virginia. It must be remembered that the South was a huge place and communications from one Union army to another in enemy territory was not always accurate.
The actual turning point was the fall of Vicksburg at around the same time.
It ended the Confederate threat around Washington, D.C. Vicksburg was the main port on the Mississippi river and the main supply point for the Confederate armies in that area. The taking of Vicksburg by the Union army effectively cut the supply lines desperately needed by the Confederates. It had little to nothing to do with the Confederate assault on D.C.
The fall of Vicksburg closed off the Mississippi to Confederate traffic, making them unable to reinforce or resupply its forces in the Deep South, giving Federal Forces freedom of movement, and securing its rear against the enemy attack.
After the fall of Vicksburg, Jefferson Davis was outraged at Confederate General Joe Johnston. Davis blamed Johnston for his failure to prevent the capture of Vicksburg. Davis issued to Johnston a fifteen page letter that accused him of interpreting orders to suit his own ideas and for making excuses as to why Vicksburg could not be saved. Johnston replied to Davis on each point of criticism.
ANSWER: Vicksburg was for The SouthVicksburg, Mississippi was known as "The Gibraltar of the South". It was a key strategical point controlling traffic on one of the most important supply venues in America, The Mississippi River. Considering that The Union won The Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863, the fall of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863, could be considered to be "The Night They Drove Ole Dixie Down" made famous by the song performed by "The Band". After Vicksburg fell, the city did not celebrate "The Fourth of July" until 1945.
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