What are boron halides?

Updated: 9/17/2023
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14y ago

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Just what it sounds like. Halide compounds with boron in them.

I'll elaborate. A halide is a halogen compound with a negative charge on the halogen. This is usually the case sine halogens are very electronegative and will steal electron density from many things they bond to.

Boron isn't a tough one to crack, in the first place. It's quite electropositive, sat there on the third row.
Third row. 3 valence electrons. Halides only want one. Getting two or 3 is very unfavourable, they only want to fill their octet. So why not have 3 halogens on the Boron? That works!

BCl3 is a prime example of a boron halide. The boron here is very positive, as the chlorines take its electron density. The chlorines are, then, negatively charged and so the compound is a halide compound...with boron in it. Boron halide.

BF3 is another one, and possibly the one you will come across most often. Same principles.

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Q: What are boron halides?
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