What are direct objects indirect objects predicate nominatives predicate adjectives?

Direct objects receive the action of the verb.

  • Carl built a house. (a house is the direct object)

Indirect objects receive the direct object.

  • Martha handed me her hat. (her hat is the direct object; me is the indirect object)

Predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives follow a linking verb and rename or describe the subject.

  • Carl is a carpenter. (a carpenter is the predicate nominative)
  • Martha is happy. (happy is the predicate adjective)