the conflict between Islam and Judaism is that :Islam IS the religion selected by GOD for humanity and Judaism is the religion selected By humanity for a GOD. I think people understand;s that what i want to say :)
The first person was missing one thing! Judaism, Islam, and Christianity all formed around the middle east. (S.W. Asia and N. Africa) Christians were spread about, Jews were together near the Persian Gulf, and surrounding them, Muslims. Mainly Jews and Muslims fight over land because of the location they originated.
Islam and Judaism have their similarities but have completely different ways of treating "non-believers". Judaism teaches people to have mercy for non-believers and to help them find God. It says in the Qur'an "kill those who join other gods" (9:5) and "do not take Jews and Christians for friends; they are friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them as a friend, surely he is one of them; Allah does not guide the unjust people" (5:51)
A person should clearly know what does Islam says about NON-BELIEVERS, it never says kill those non believers who joined other gods. It says "kill those non-believers who tries to kill you and tries destroy your belief"(2:191), killing a innocent believer or non-believer is similar to killing all the humanities in the world. The conflict between Islam and Jewish is that prophet Mohammed (SAL) is from Ibrahim (Alai) & Ismail (alai) community who were not belong to Boni Isra'il, but Jewish who were from Boni Isra'il community. So Jewish are refusing to accept Mohammed (SAL) as the last prophet of the whole community in the world, and also Jewish peoples were formerly given power and the holy inspiration, Jewish people were of dis-obeying God's word, so the power was transferred to Muslims, whom were termed as community which was given name & also selected by God for paradise.
The conflict, to be honest, is one-sided. Judaism came first and acknowledges that Islam exists but disavows Mohammed as a prophet. Therefore, according to Judaism, none of his teachings can be divine and there is no quarrel to be had (theologically speaking). Moslems, as proven by the above dissertations, need to prove Islam's claim that Mohammed was the cap of the lineage of prophets. Therefore, there must be something wrong with the way that the previous religions (Judaism and Christianity) interpreted the prophecies given to them. To this end, they find the need to argue against Judaism theologically to prove their position and Judaism decides to not engage them. There are (physical) conflicts between Jews and Moslems today, but these are nationalistic and ethnic conflicts which have earthly goals (i.e. land acquisition, prayer rights, living rights, etc.) as opposed to theological goals (i.e. conversion, cultural supplanting, etc.).
All God religions should not lead to conflicts as in principle they all call to worship God as the one and only one God with neither a partner nor an associate and all God religions call for same morals and same one-to-one behavior principles. However, main differences between Islam and Judaism are:
- Muslims believe in all God prophets including Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Isaac, Ishmael, Joseph, Moses, David, Solomon, ..., Jesus, and Muhammad. Jews believe in all prophets except Jesus and Muhammad.*
- Muslims believe in all God holy books including Psalms, Torah, the Bible (including the New Testament), and Qur'an. Jews don't believe in Qur'an or the New Testament.
- There are other differences in ritual worships and what is forbidden to eat and what is allowed.
The above shows that both religions are different only in some faith issues that are regarding the relationship between yourself and your God which is a matter to be resolved by God on the Day of Judgment. However, both religions are quite similar in all issues regarding relationships among all people. In reality, there are no differences between the two religions regarding the way that people of different religions should treat each other. This, logically and spiritually, calls all people to live together in love, peace, and harmony regardless their different religions or beliefs.
*Jews also do not give the title of "prophet" to most of the shared Judeo-Islamic leadership, reserving the term exclusively for those who received visions from God. Jacob, an Islamic prophet (for example), is considered an exemplar in Judaism, but not a prophet.
I guess your question is reference to the troubled differences,
1. In Judaism, Jesus and Mohammed are not considered prophets, whereas in Islam, both Jesus and Muhammad are considered as prophets.
2. Judaism came before Christianity and Islam, Christianity came in as a continuation of Judaism and then came Islam in continuation of Christianity. So, you can say Islam is most updated version of both Christianity and Judaism, but Christians and Jews don't accept this belief, even though the Qur'an makes the point very clearly in numerous verses.
3. Few (few, not all) Muslims and Christians don't like Jews for a reason that Jews have been alleged as Christ-killers, and the murderers of various other prophets.
4. Culturally and geopolitically speaking, In present few Muslims and few other people generally have tension with Jews do due to Israel (which is primarily Jews by culture and faith) has occupied Palestine( which is primarily Muslims by culture and faith) all illegally.