What are the basic science processes?
Observing - using the senses to gather information about an
object or event. Your vocabulary for this lesson: Qualitative
Observation (using the senses) and Quantitative Observation (using
Example: Describing a pencil as yellow.
Inferring - making an "educated guess" about an object or event
based on previously gathered data or information.
Example: Saying that the person who used a pencil made a lot of
mistakes because the eraser was well worn.
Measuring - using both standard and nonstandard measures or
estimates to describe the dimensions of an object or event.
Example: Using a meter stick to measure the length of a table in
Communicating - using words or graphic symbols to describe an
action, object or event.
Example: Describing the change in height of a plant over time in
writing or through a graph.
Classifying - grouping or ordering objects or events into
categories based on properties or criteria.
Example: Placing all rocks having certain grain size or hardness
into one group.
Predicting - stating the outcome of a future event based on a
pattern of evidence.
Example: Predicting the height of a plant in two weeks time
based on a graph of its growth during the previous four weeks.