What are the differences between organic farming and factory farming?

There are a couple key differences between raising organically grown livestock and raising them in a factory farm system.

One of the most important differences is the food the animals are served throughout their lives. The definition of organic farming is to grow plants and livestock without them having been fed or treated by anything containing chemical additives. In contrast, the idea of factory farming is to produce a large yield of animals in as short of time (and with as much meat on them) as possible. Therefore, factory farms rely heavily on feed that has been modified chemically to produce a large quantity of "beefy" livestock in a hurry.

The second biggest difference is the living condition in which most animals are raised. Factory farms are notorious for being small, dark and desperately overcrowded spaces that animals have barely any room to move in. Some are even kept in cages for the entire duration of their life. With organic farming practices generally comes the idea of animals being "free range". This is an important addition to the "organic seal" because it lets consumers know that the animals were raised in a humane way, with more room for movement, grazing and comfort. However, it should be noted that not all organic farms have free range practices as living conditions don't impact the livestock's consumption of chemicals or additives.