What are the differences in British and us government?
In the UK, there is a separate Head of State and Head of
Government. The Queen is the Head of State and represents the
country, but the Prime Minister is the Head of Government and is in
charge of running it. In the US, the President does both roles.
In the UK, the Executive Branch (consisting of the Departments)
comes under direct control of the Legislative Branch. Each
Department has an MP in charge and the Prime Minister is in charge
of the whole Executive Branch. In the US, the Executive and
Legislative Branches are separate.
In the UK the House of Lords are mostly appointed and don't have
the power to block legislation, only to delay it. In the US, the
Senate is fully elected and can block new laws.
The UK has an unwritten constitution, so is slightly more
flexible. Recently, the Judicial Branch was moved out of the House
of Lords and into a new Supreme Court. The US has a written
constitution and is not really changed that much.
In the UK, the government is very centralised although some
independence has been given to Scotland, Wales and Northern
Ireland. In the US, the government is in two layers: Federal and
In the UK the Prime Minister is the leader of the winning party
in the House of Commons, like the Speaker of the House. In the US,
the President is elected seperately.
In the UK the left-wing party is the Labour Party and the
right-wing party is the Conservatives, with the Liberal Democrats
standing in between. The Democrats of the US are more like the
Liberal Democrats than the Labour Party, and the Republicans
support businesses and libertarianism far more than the
Conservatives in the UK.
The UK Government turns over less and after a turnover, the new
government is less likely to reverse the old government's
decisions. The Conservatives were in charge throughout the 1980s
and it wasn't until 1997 that a dramatically reformed Labour Party
took over again. In the US, the government usually changes every 8