Plate Tectonics

What are the different types of volcanoes?


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2015-01-26 17:17:42
2015-01-26 17:17:42

Volcanoes are grouped into four types: cinder cones, composite volcanoes, shield volcanoes and lava volcanoes. They are:

Cinder Cones: They are circular or oval cones made up of small fragments of lava from a single vent. They have been blown into the air, cooled, and fallen around the vent.

Composite: They are steel-sides and composed of many layers of volcanic rocks. Mt. Rainier and Mount St. Helens are examples of this type of volcano.

Shield: Shaped like a bowl or shield in the middle, they have long gentle slopes made of basaltic lava flows. The volcanoes that formed the basalt of the Columbia Plateau were shield volcanoes.

Lava Volcanoes: Deep sided mound formed by lava that is too thick to flow. The lava piles up near the vent.


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