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The hypothalamus: Controls the autonomic nervous system, regulates homeostasis, and gives instructions to the pituitary gland through specific releasing hormones and inhibiting hormones. It also controls the functions of all the other glands, directly or indirectly, of the endocrine (hormonal) system.

The anterior pituitary; Produces, stores, and secretes hormones such as prolactin (PRL), human growth hormone (hGH), melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH), thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), folicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and lutenizing hormone (LH).

The posterior pituitary: Only stores hormones produced by the hypothalamus such as antidiruetic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin.

The pineal gland regulates the day/night body clock (circadian rhythms) by producing melatonin and releasing it at night to help you sleep.
Pituitary gland.

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The four glands located in the brain are the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, and pituitary gland. The hypothalamus regulates body temperature, hunger, and thirst. The pituitary gland controls the release of hormones throughout the body. The pineal gland helps regulate sleep patterns and biological rhythms. The pituitary gland produces hormones that control growth, metabolism, and other bodily functions.

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Q: What are the four glands found in the brain and what are their basic functions?
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