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Human Anatomy and Physiology

What are the four glands found in the brain and what are their basic functions?


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October 07, 2010 11:41PM

The hypothalamus: Controls the autonomic nervous system, regulates homeostasis, and gives instructions to the pituitary gland through specific releasing hormones and inhibiting hormones. It also controls the functions of all the other glands, directly or indirectly, of the endocrine (hormonal) system.

The anterior pituitary; Produces, stores, and secretes hormones such as prolactin (PRL), human growth hormone (hGH), melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH), thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), folicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and lutenizing hormone (LH).

The posterior pituitary: Only stores hormones produced by the hypothalamus such as antidiruetic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin.

The pineal gland regulates the day/night body clock (circadian rhythms) by producing melatonin and releasing it at night to help you sleep.
Pituitary gland.