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Answered 2016-06-28 17:43:58

There are four major risk factors (and personally, I have ALL FOUR of them!): 1) family history of the disease, 2) cigarette smoking, 3) petite/small frame, and 4) Asian or Caucasian race.

There is potentially also a 5th risk factor (which I ALSO have!): history of eating disorders. Malnutrition leads to weaker bones.

If you have any of these risk factors, then you should be exercising regularly, eating properly, and, above all, you should be taking calcium supplements (preferably ones which have Vitamin D added to them, as calcium has a hard time being absorbed without Vitamin D).

Additional risk factors include post-menopausal status, inadequate exposure to sunlight, and chronic corticosteroid use.

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