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Industrial Revolution

What are the statistics of deaths during the Industrial Revolution?


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May 12, 2014 9:51PM

During the Industrial Revolution, the life expectancy of children increased dramatically. The percentage of the children born in London who died before the age of five decreased from 74.5% in 1730-1749 to 31.8% in 1810-1829.

The growth of modern industry since the late 18th century led to massive urbanisation and the rise of new great cities, first in Europe and then in other regions, as new opportunities brought huge numbers of migrants from rural communities into urban areas. In 1800, only 3% of the world's population lived in cities, compared to nearly 50% today (the beginning of the 21st century). In 1717, Manchester was merely a market town of 10,000 people, but by 1911 it had a population of 2.3 million.

The greatest killer in the cities was turboculosis (TB). By the late 1800s, 70% to 90% of city dwellers in Europe and North America were infected with tuberculosis. About 80% of people who developed active tuberculosis died of it, and 40% of deaths among the urban working class were from tuberculosis.