Human Anatomy and Physiology

What are the symptoms of low potassium?

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2010-07-18 16:38:20

Low potassium in the circulating blood is referred to as

Hypokalemia and presents in a multidude of ways. However,

approximately 98% of the human body's potassium is enclosed inside

the cells.If you have heart problems, An impairment of health or a

condition of abnormal cardiac function, potassium supplements can

aggravatea heart disorder. if you suspect your potassium levels are

low, and are experiencing any of the following symptoms, see your

doctor, health care worker, or nutritionist immediately.Plasma

potassium concentration determines neuromuscular irritability.

Both, elevated ( Hyperkalemia) or depressed potassium

concentrations (hypo~) serum levels ,interfere with cardiac,

smooth, and skeletal muscle contraction, electrolyte balance, ie.

sending nerve impulses as well as releasing energy from protein,

fat, and carbohydrates during metabolism.Low concentrations will

present with prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, renal tubular acidosis

types I and II, hyperaldosteronism, Cushing's syndrome, osmotic

dieresis (eg, hyperglycemia),alkalosis, familial periodic

paralysis, trauma (transient). Drugs: adrenergic agents

(isoproterenol), diuretics.A Severe decrease in potassium serum

levels may result in:weakness and heart abnormalities; associated

with adrenal tumours or starvation or taking diureticsPlasma

potassium concentration determines neuromuscular irritability.

Both, elevated ( Hyperkalemia) or depressed potassium

concentrations (hypo~) serum levels ,interfere with cardiac,

smooth, and skeletal muscle contraction.Low concentrations will

present with prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, renal tubular acidosis

types I and II, hyperaldosteronism, Cushing's syndrome, osmotic

dieresis (eg, hyperglycemia),alkalosis, familial periodic

paralysis, trauma (transient). Drugs: adrenergic agents

(isoproterenol), diuretics.*Muscle weakness and myalgia*Increased

risk of hyponatremia with resultant confusion and

seizures*Hypertension (high blood presure)EKG changes associated

with hypokalemia:*Disturbed heart rhythm Serious arrhythmias such

as Depressed, up sloping ST segment,*Low T wave, prominent U

wave*Muscle weakness and myalgia*Increased risk of hyponatremia

with resultant confusion and seizures*Disturbed heart rhythm such

as Depressed, up sloping ST segment,*Serious

arrhythmias*Hypertension


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