What are the three enzymes involved in the conversion of glycogen to glucose?


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2014-07-02 19:35:41
2014-07-02 19:35:41

The process of glycogen metabolism is complex. Glycogen Phosphorylase, Glycogen Debranching Enzyme, and Phosphoglucomutase are the enzymes necessary to break glycogen down to glucose.


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Glucogenisis is the breakdown of glycogen in the liver to form glucose. The opposite of this process is call Glycogenisis, this is the conversion of glucose into glycogen.

regulates the conversion of glycogen to glucose

Glucagon,which is secreted by the pancreas gland in humans is responsible for converting glycogen to glucose.there are 2 hormones that could convert glycogen to glucose. Glucagon and epinephrine. Glucagon promotes glycogen degradation. Epinephrine promotes glycogen degradation and inhibits glucogen synthesis.

Stimulates conversion of excess glucose to glycogen

All enzymes are chemically proteins. but not all proteins are enzymes. Enzymatic proteins catalyse the biochemical conversion of substrate in to product. Good example is amylase that digest starch or glycogen to produce glucose.

No. Insulin converts glucose into glycogen for storage in the body. Glucagon converts glycogen into glucose. (it's the various cells in the body that do the conversion in either case, insulin and glucagon are hormones that induce the shift in the metabolism.)

* Glycogenesis - the conversion of excess glucose into glycogen as a cellular storage mechanism; this prevents excessive osmotic pressure buildup inside the cell * Glycogenolysis - the breakdown of glycogen into glucose, which provides a glucose supply for glucose-dependent tissues. * Gluconeogenesis - de novosynthesis of glucose molecules from simple organic compounds. an example in humans is the conversion of a few amino acids in cellular protein to glucose.

glycolyse is forming of glucose into pyruvaat and glycogenolyse is conversion of sored glycogen into useable glucose

glycogen metabolism is the terminology used for both glycogen synthesis and glycogen degradation ,glycogenesis and glycogenolysis .both of these pathways are exactly opposite to each other because both of these pathways involve different enzymes glycogenesis is carried out by enzymes HEXOKINASE,PHOSPHOGLUCOMUTASE,UDP-GLUCOSE-PYROPHOSPHORYLASE,and GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE. glycogenolysis is carried out by enzymes GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE,PHOSPHOGLUCOMUTASE,and debranching enzyme (GLUCAN TRANSFERASE).

Glycogen is branched to allow more efficient energy storage and to provide multiple attachment points for enzymes that add to its glucose monomers.

Glucagon is a hormone that works in conjunction with insulin. Both are produced in the pancreas, and are responsible for the storage/conversion of glucose in the body. Glucagon in particular encourages the soluble sugar glycogen to enter the blood, and also causes the conversion of glycogen to glucose.

Glycogen is a polymer of glucose (the monomer).

No. Glucose is stored in the liver and muscles as Glycogen. The gall bladder is involved in the digestive process.

Insulin, secreated by the pancreas. Glucagon is the hormone that converts glycogen back into glucose, also from the pancreas.insulininsulinInsulinInsulin.InsulinInsulincortisolinsulin.insulinInsulin

Glycogen is a polysaccharide of glucose that is energy storage in animals and fungi. Glucose is an example of glycogen.

Through condensation reactions. Glycogen is a polysaccharide. This means it is the polymer of many monosaccharides. The monomer of Glycogen is Glucose. Glucose, through condensation reactions in which water is released, joins to form the branched structure of Glycogen. This feature is beneficial in animals as it is easy to break off the individual glucose for energy through enzymes but also because polysaccharides are insoluble while monosaccharides are.

Glucose is 'put into storage' [in Cells] in the form of glycogen. Glycogen consists of glucose monomers and is used for the concentrated storage and quick release of glucose.

No. The oxidation of glycogen yields more energy than glucose. You need to put energy in formation of the glycogen from glucose. Naturally, this energy is released, when you get get glucose from glycogen.

Glycogen is the molecule that function as the secondary long term energy storage in animal and fungal cells.It is made primarily by the liver and the muscles ,but can also be made by glycogenesis within the brain and stomach. The structure of gycogen consist of a core protein of glycogenin(a enzyme involved in converting glucose to glycogen,act as a primer, by polymerizing the first few glucose molecules, after other enzymes takes over) surrounded by branches of glucose units.The entire granule may contain approximately 30,000 glucose units.

It is broken down using enzymes, such as amylase, into glucose which then can be used in cell respiration.

depends how it is hydrolysed, it can be hydrolysed with acid to create glucose, or hydrolysed with enzymes which gives raise to maltose

Glucagon will be released from the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. It stimulates the conversion of glycogen into glucose, which will increase the blood glucose concentration.

No, insulin stimulates the liver to produce glycogen from glucose. Glucagon mobilizes liver glycogen to yield glucose.

You get glucose molecules after hydrolysis of the glycogen molecule. There are thousands of glucose molecule in one molecule of the glycogen.

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