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What many people call rheumatism is more likely referred to as arthritis, There are more then 100 different varieties of arthritishowever the three main varieties are, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis and gouty Arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis also referred to as inflammatory arthritis is an immune disorder where an inappropriate immune reaction to cartilage and other similar tissue of the body is rejected leading to joint destruction and deformity. There is no definitive way of diagnosing RA and it is usually diagnosed when there are multiple joints involved simultaneously; there is formation of rheumatoid nodules. There is progressive wear of joint cartilage usually seen in x rays, rheumatoid factor in the blood as well as sedimentation rates or other tests that indicate inflammation. it is a very serious and debilitating chronic disease for which there is no cure. treatment comes in the form of simple analgesics (pain killers) pain and damage control is achieved with non steroidal anti-inflammatory (aspirin for example) Steroidal anti inflamatory's (prednisone for example) The gold standard in the treatment of RA however is disease modification where drugs like methoblastin or plaquinil are used to interfere with the immune systems ability to cause the offending inflammation. this however is a treatment that has many undesirable side effects. Ra is by far one of the more serious forms of arthritis.

Osteoarthritis also referred to as non inflammatory arthritis this is a form of arthritis that is often the result of wear and tear and is more prevalent though not exclusive to the older age groups. It can also be the result of joint trauma, broken bones etc. With this problem original damage is not done by the inflammation and the inflammation is restricted to the area where there is damage. Treatment is basically done with painkillers and anti-inflammatory.

Gouty arthritis is caused by the formation of uric acid crystals in the blood which inturn invade synovial joints and other spaces in the body. Another form of this is psuedogout where the problem can be caused by calcium.

In general, all varieties are accompanied by inflammation of the joints. The cause of the inflammation is not always known. Anti-inflammatory drugs are beneficial in controlling the pain associated with inflammation, but even more than that, when the inflammation is reduced, the destruction on the joint is slowed. Arthritis causes a slow deterioration of the joints, to the point that the cartilage can be worn completely away resulting in direct bone-to-bone contact, which is extremely painful. That is the most extreme result of arthritis, and as of now, can only be treated with joint replacement surgery, although alternatives are being tested. But most people with arthritis are somewhere in the middle. Mild arthritis can be treated with aspirin, which is one of the oldest and arguably one of the most effective anti-inflammatory medications available. But aspirin causes undesirable side effects for many people, including stomach problems, bleeding and sometimes ringing in the ears. A relatively new class of medications, called NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) is available for treating arthritis and other inflammatory diseases. Among these are Ibuprophen, Naproxen Sodium, and others. Note that while Tylenol is an effective pain reducer, it does not seem to have the anti-inflammatory effect on joints. Some people have experienced a reduction in pain by using Celebrex, and the newer Bextra. Contact your physician directly if you feel that your arthritis is severe enough to need a prescription medication. Mild arthritis can be treated with aspirin and ice packs to reduce the inflammation. Never put the ice in direct contact with your skin, always use a plastic bag or other container to contain the moisture and use a cloth between the ice and your skin to avoid injury from the cold. Arthritis is arguably the most common disease in the world

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โˆ™ 2013-03-27 15:53:43
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Q: What causes rheumatism pain and how do you get rid of it?
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