What crimes requires no proof of causation?
The burden of proof regarding causation is on the plantiff. Causation is important because - sometimes - a person may have died in a hospital (for example) for reasons other than negligence (for example, a pre-existing condition rather than actual negligence...and negligence must be proven). Typically, an expert witness will show causation (or an act of negligence) for the plantiff, but the defense counsel will rigorously oppose any plantiff expert witness. The litmus test for…
Generally, most crimes require a "mens rea" or intent requirement. For example, murder generally requires that you intended to cause the death of a person. However, there are some crimes that do NOT require an intent to commit the crime. Those crimes are much more uncommon and include such crimes as manslaughter. You didn't' intend to cause the death of another person, but your negligent actions resulted in a death.
Yes. It's as much for your protection as someone else's. If you're financing the car, the lender usually requires proof of insurance. The state also requires proof of insurance when you renew your license plate tabs or submit the car for inspection (whichever your state requires). Most states have a minimum level of coverage that's required that is pretty affordable.
In the 18th century, Johann Heinrich Lambert was the first to prove that pi is an irrational number. However, his proof requires some pretty heavy-duty mathematics. In the 19th century Charles Hermite found a proof which is simpler but still requires requires knowledge of fairly advanced calculus. If you are up to it, then see //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proof_that_π_is_irrational#Hermite.27s_proof
Factual causation is the starting point and consists of applying the 'but for' test. In most instances, where there exist no complicating factors, factual causation on its own will suffice to establish causation. However, in some circumstances it will also be necessary to consider legal causation. Under legal causation the result must be caused by a culpable act, there is no requirement that the act of the defendant was the only cause, there must be…
When we talk about "proof" we normally mean scientific proof which requires material evidence. In that sense there is no proof of reincarnation. But we should remember that science is an ongoing process. There are many concepts that were not part of the scientific paradigm in the past that are now essential ideas. Another way of saying this is science can't prove a negative.
Beyond having the correct insurance for your country or state you do not need proof financial responsibility. Another View: I would NOT RELY on the above answer! Every state I am familiar with, REQUIRES that you be able to show proof of insurance when asked. It is a fineable violation if you fail to display it.