What did Leon Trotsky do?
In 1897, he was a driving force in founding the South Russia
Workers Union and in 1898 the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party
Trotsky shifted from the Menshevik faction of the RSDLP to
Lenin's Bolshevik faction and became a leading socialist
He became president of the Petrograd Soviet just before the
October Revolution and was deeply involved in planning the
Bolshevik insurrection that became known as the October
He was the new country's first Commissar of External Affairs.
When the Russian Civil War broke out, he became Commissar of
Military Affairs; organized the Red Army and defeated the White
He became Lenin's number two man in running the country after
that, but when Lenin died, he lost a power struggle to Joseph
Stalin. Stalin had him expelled from the Communist Party, exiled
from the country and eventually murdered 25 years later.