One of the most common diseases associated with glucose and ketones in the urine is Diabetes mellitus.
Normally glucose in the blood is filtered and fully reabsorbed by the kidney so that no glucose appears in the urine. In diabetes mellitus, blood glucose is so high that an excessive amount of glucose is filtered -- so much so that the kidney cannot fully reabsorb it. Consequently, the excess glucose winds up in the urine, a condition called glucosuria.
In normal individuals, blood glucose is kept at a stable level by the actions of insulin. When insulin is present and the body's cells are sensitive to it, glucose from the blood is taken up by the cells, decreasing blood glucose. In diabetes mellitus, however, either insulin is not present, or the body's cells are insensitive to it. Consequently, the cells do not take up glucose. As glucose is one of the cell's major substrates for energy, the cell must use alternative measures to generate energy. One of the major mechanisms is through the metabolism of fats. One of the produces of fat metabolism is a molecule called acetyl CoA, which can be further metabolized to form energy. But in fat metabolism, so much excess acetyl CoA is produced that it overwhelms the enzymes that convert it into energy. As a consequence, the excess acetyl CoA is shunted to alternative pathways that take care of it. One of the pathways is the production of ketone bodies. As a result, ketone levels rise and ultimately can end up in the urine just as glucose did, as described above.
The aldehydes and ketones having three or less carbon atoms are soluble in water.
Yes. Very dangerous in fact. If you have this level you should see a doctor immediately. Having such an elevated blood glucose level create Ketones in your blood stream. A significant amount of ketones can create a situation called ketoacidosis, which is essentially a poisoning of your blood and can be fatal if not treated. Given a "normal" glucose level is around 100, if you are seeing a 600 this is a clear sign that you are not producing any insulin and need to be treated as a diabetic.
Glucose and fructose are having the same molecular formula of C6H12O6 but are having different functional groups. Glucose is having aldehyde group and fructose is having ketone group. hence they are called as Functional isomers
can beavers live having a disease
all people of all ages can get diabetes. diabetes is caused by having an unhealthy diet that then results in the disease diabetes
It means 8 moles of Glucose. Glucose having the formula (C6H12O6)
Glucose is a Chiral molecule having 4 chiral carbons.
If you are having elevated blood sugar levels, getting tested earlier is better than waiting, as early treatment and good blood glucose control has been shown to help prevent some complications of the disease.
The breakdown of glucose is exergonic, having a free energy change of -686kcal.
The condition that results in thick blood as a result of having too many red blood cells is polycythemia vera. This is a bone marrow disease that occurs more often in men, than in women.
He does not have any disease.
To " not be generative of disease. "