What does FTP stand for?
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It most commonly uses
ports 20 and 21.
FTP is usually used to send files from computers to hosting
webservers when creating a website. It can also be used as a means
of "downloading" files from other servers. FTP is sometimes used to
send files from one computer directly to another.
FTP can be quite dangerous if not properly configured because
malicious black-hat hackers can send trojans or other spyware to
unsuspecting users or sites. Most firewalls do a reasanable job of
protecting against this type of attack.
To use FTP, you need an FTP program. Many good ones are free
- Cute FTP
- Secure FTP
- Smart FTP
FTP allows you to transfer files between two computers on the
Internet. FTP is a simple network protocol based on Internet
Protocol and also a term used when referring to the process of
copying files when using FTP technology.
To transfer files with FTP, you use a program often called the
"client." The FTP client program initiates a connection to a remote
computer running FTP "server" software. After the connection is
established, the client can choose to send and/or receive copies of
files, singly or in groups. To connect to an FTP server, a client
requires a username and password as set by the administrator of the
server. Many public FTP archives follow a special convention for
that accepts a username of "anonymous."
Simple FTP clients are included with most network operating
systems, but most of these clients (such as FTP.EXE on Windows)
support a relatively unfriendly command-line interface. Many
alternative freeware / shareware third-party FTP clients have been
developed that support graphic user interfaces (GUIs) and
additional convenience features. In any FTP interface, clients
identify the FTP server either by its IP address (such as
192.168.0.1) or by its host name (such as ftp.about.com).
FTP supports two modes of data transfer: plain text (ASCII), and
binary. You set the mode in the FTP client. A common error when
using FTP is attempting to transfer a binary file (such as a
program or music file) while in text mode, causing
File Transfer Protocol (FTP), a standard Internet protocol, is
the simplest way to exchange files between computers on the
Internet. Like the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which
transfers displayable Web pages and related files, and the Simple
Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), which transfers e-mail, FTP is an
application protocol that uses the Internet'sTCP/IP protocols. FTP
is commonly used to transfer Web page files from their creator to
the computer that acts as their server for everyone on the
Internet. It's also commonly used to download programs and other
files to your computer from other servers.
As a user, you can use FTP with a simple command line interface
(for example, from the Windows MS-DOS Prompt window) or with a
commercial program that offers a graphical user interface. Your Web
browser can also make FTP requests to download programs you select
from a Web page. Using FTP, you can also update (delete, rename,
move, and copy) files at a server. You need to logon to an FTP
server. However, publicly available files are easily accessed using
Basic FTP support is usually provided as part of a suite of
programs that come with TCP/IP. However, any FTP client program
with a graphical user interface usually must be downloaded from the
company that makes it.
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, which is used for moving