What does FTP stand for?

Updated: 11/6/2022
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7y ago

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FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It most commonly uses ports 20 and 21.

FTP is usually used to send files from computers to hosting webservers when creating a website. It can also be used as a means of "downloading" files from other servers. FTP is sometimes used to send files from one computer directly to another.

FTP can be quite dangerous if not properly configured because malicious black-hat hackers can send trojans or other spyware to unsuspecting users or sites. Most firewalls do a reasanable job of protecting against this type of attack.

To use FTP, you need an FTP program. Many good ones are free including:

  • Cute FTP
  • Secure FTP
  • Smart FTP

FTP allows you to transfer files between two computers on the internet. FTP is a simple network protocol based on Internet Protocol and also a term used when referring to the process of copying files when using FTP technology.

To transfer files with FTP, you use a program often called the "client." The FTP client program initiates a connection to a remote computer running FTP "server" software. After the connection is established, the client can choose to send and/or receive copies of files, singly or in groups. To connect to an FTP server, a client requires a username and password as set by the administrator of the server. Many public FTP archives follow a special convention for that accepts a username of "anonymous."

Simple FTP clients are included with most network operating systems, but most of these clients (such as FTP.EXE on Windows) support a relatively unfriendly command-line interface. Many alternative freeware / shareware third-party FTP clients have been developed that support graphic user interfaces (GUIs) and additional convenience features. In any FTP interface, clients identify the FTP server either by its IP address (such as or by its host name (such as

FTP supports two modes of data transfer: plain text (ASCII), and binary. You set the mode in the FTP client. A common error when using FTP is attempting to transfer a binary file (such as a program or music file) while in text mode, causing

File Transfer Protocol (FTP), a standard Internet protocol, is the simplest way to exchange files between computers on the Internet. Like the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which transfers displayable Web pages and related files, and the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), which transfers e-mail, FTP is an application protocol that uses the Internet'sTCP/IP protocols. FTP is commonly used to transfer Web page files from their creator to the computer that acts as their server for everyone on the Internet. It's also commonly used to download programs and other files to your computer from other servers.

As a user, you can use FTP with a simple command line interface (for example, from the Windows MS-DOS Prompt window) or with a commercial program that offers a graphical user interface. Your Web browser can also make FTP requests to download programs you select from a Web page. Using FTP, you can also update (delete, rename, move, and copy) files at a server. You need to logon to an FTP server. However, publicly available files are easily accessed using anonymous FTP.

Basic FTP support is usually provided as part of a suite of programs that come with TCP/IP. However, any FTP client program with a graphical user interface usually must be downloaded from the company that makes it.
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, which is used for moving files around.

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13y ago

In computers it stands for File Transfer Protocol.

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7y ago

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It is a protocol that is used to transfer files over the internet, typically from a host computer to a server.

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12y ago

file transfer protocol

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11y ago

file transfer protocal

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Q: What does FTP stand for?
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