Computer Terminology
Acronyms & Abbreviations

What does FTP stand for?

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Wiki User
2017-04-03 05:10:58

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It is a protocol that is

used to transfer files over the internet, typically from a host

computer to a server.

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Wiki User
2017-04-03 05:10:14

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It most commonly uses

ports 20 and 21.

FTP is usually used to send files from computers to hosting

webservers when creating a website. It can also be used as a means

of "downloading" files from other servers. FTP is sometimes used to

send files from one computer directly to another.

FTP can be quite dangerous if not properly configured because

malicious black-hat hackers can send trojans or other spyware to

unsuspecting users or sites. Most firewalls do a reasanable job of

protecting against this type of attack.

To use FTP, you need an FTP program. Many good ones are free

including:

  • Cute FTP
  • Secure FTP
  • Smart FTP

FTP allows you to transfer files between two computers on the

Internet. FTP is a simple network protocol based on Internet

Protocol and also a term used when referring to the process of

copying files when using FTP technology.

To transfer files with FTP, you use a program often called the

"client." The FTP client program initiates a connection to a remote

computer running FTP "server" software. After the connection is

established, the client can choose to send and/or receive copies of

files, singly or in groups. To connect to an FTP server, a client

requires a username and password as set by the administrator of the

server. Many public FTP archives follow a special convention for

that accepts a username of "anonymous."

Simple FTP clients are included with most network operating

systems, but most of these clients (such as FTP.EXE on Windows)

support a relatively unfriendly command-line interface. Many

alternative freeware / shareware third-party FTP clients have been

developed that support graphic user interfaces (GUIs) and

additional convenience features. In any FTP interface, clients

identify the FTP server either by its IP address (such as

192.168.0.1) or by its host name (such as ftp.about.com).

FTP supports two modes of data transfer: plain text (ASCII), and

binary. You set the mode in the FTP client. A common error when

using FTP is attempting to transfer a binary file (such as a

program or music file) while in text mode, causing

File Transfer Protocol (FTP), a standard Internet protocol, is

the simplest way to exchange files between computers on the

Internet. Like the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which

transfers displayable Web pages and related files, and the Simple

Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), which transfers e-mail, FTP is an

application protocol that uses the Internet'sTCP/IP protocols. FTP

is commonly used to transfer Web page files from their creator to

the computer that acts as their server for everyone on the

Internet. It's also commonly used to download programs and other

files to your computer from other servers.

As a user, you can use FTP with a simple command line interface

(for example, from the Windows MS-DOS Prompt window) or with a

commercial program that offers a graphical user interface. Your Web

browser can also make FTP requests to download programs you select

from a Web page. Using FTP, you can also update (delete, rename,

move, and copy) files at a server. You need to logon to an FTP

server. However, publicly available files are easily accessed using

anonymous FTP.

Basic FTP support is usually provided as part of a suite of

programs that come with TCP/IP. However, any FTP client program

with a graphical user interface usually must be downloaded from the

company that makes it.

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, which is used for moving

files around.


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